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news headlines

April 2006
Community initiative helps preserve scholarly content
Project will enhance access to US digital resources
RSS can put data into catalogues automatically
Improving supply-chain efficiency
Google's French deal
British Library via Google Scholar
Swiss science organisations sign Berlin declaration
OCLC acquires Openly Informatics
Usage statistics service launches commercially
Software hunts through catalogues with just a sketch
Funding bodies seek supplier for UK PubMed Central
Oxford Journals preserves data with Portico
Pilot tests Open WorldCat benefits in Europe
News in brief

news articles in full

Community initiative helps preserve scholarly content |Apr 06|

Publishers, librarians, and learned societies are using the LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) technology to support a 'large dark archive'. The aim is for it to be a failsafe repository for published scholarly content.

The Controlled LOCKSS system (CLOCKSS) aims to assure the research community that journal content could still be accessed in the event of a disaster.

After a 'trigger' event, such as the material no longer being available from the publisher, a joint advisory board, representing societies, publishers and libraries, will begin the process to determine if the content in CLOCKSS is 'orphaned' and whether it should be made publicly available. The board ensures that content is controlled but that no one person or sector has authority over orphaned digital materials in the system.

'Our community needs to ensure that when content becomes orphaned there is a process through which it becomes publicly accessible,' explained Vicky Reich, director of the LOCKSS programme for Stanford University Libraries. The CLOCKSS project offers an alternative solution to archiving and its strength lies in the fact that it has been founded by publishers and librarians and will remain collectively managed.'

The initial two-year pilot will include at least five research libraries, and several commercial and society publishers. During this time, publishers and libraries will continue to work closely to collect and analyse data and develop a proposal for a full-scale archiving model. As part of a longer-term strategy to permanently preserve published work, CLOCKSS will report the findings to the wider community and begin discussions about a global infrastructure to ensure preservation of all past, present, and future scholarly content.
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Project will enhance access to US digital resources |Apr 06|

Researchers at Virginia Tech and Villanova University in the US have received a $450,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The aim is to develop technology that will allow college students and professors to conduct customised information searches from course websites to the large collection of science, technology, engineering and mathematics resources available in the National Science Digital Library.

'Our goal is to get content from the National Science Digital Library closer to its intended audience,' said Manuel Pérez-Quiñones, Virginia Tech assistant professor of computer science, who is directing the project. 'The project's target beneficiaries are students and professors in all areas of computing. We hope to extend the library's reach into the educational system and thus increase its number of users.'
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RSS can put data into catalogues automatically |Apr 06|

Emerald Group Publishing is leading a Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) project to develop a RSS (really simple syndication) news-feed service that automatically pushes publisher and e-journal information into library catalogues.

With this in place, e-journal table-of-content data will be fed automatically into library catalogues without the need for cataloguing, classification or data entry. This should improve accuracy of records, save time for staff and deliver a more integrated experience to users.

Library systems and services supplier Talis is the project's technology partner. It is working with Emerald to develop the publisher RSS and will develop the open-source software environment to manage the service at educational establishments. The UK's University of Derby is working as the test bed and evaluation partner. JISC is backing the project with £15,000, and all partners have committed to match the funding, making a total of £60,000.

'RSS has, up until now, been used to deliver news-feeds or alerts of blog postings to individuals' desktops,' commented Richard Wallis of Talis. 'This simple, yet powerful, technology has many potential applications in machine-to-machine communications.'

The project is scheduled for completion in July 2006. A demonstrator service is expected to be up and running by June 2006. The open-source software developed will be freely available to further and higher education establishments, publishers, and library-management systems developers.
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Improving supply-chain efficiency |Apr 06|

The industry is coming together to see if a common institutional identifier that can be used throughout the industry, from purchaser to end-user, could help reduce problems in subscription renewals.

The project involves the British Library, HighWire Press, Ringgold, Swets Information Services and a group of HighWire-affiliated publishers. It is a response to the turbulent time at the start of every calendar year when issues can be missed, access to electronic journals can be lost and problems arise relating to the setting up of initial access. Many problems occur because of communication breakdowns on the journal supply chain. Each organisation has its own way of recognising customers, users, clients and subscriptions. The hope is that the utilisation of a standard institutional identifier will help eliminate problems or at least enable them to be diagnosed earlier.

The project will set up real-use case scenarios to discover whether the creation of such a standard identifier for institutions would be beneficial. It will also test implementation strategies. The pilot will be limited to the UK customers. The British Library will be working with the pilot to look at the implications of providing access to electronic archives. HighWire Press will act as a technical advisor. Ringgold has been working with publishers for three years to create a database of institutions and its metadata will form a key basis of the pilot. Swets' role will be to oversee how a standard identifier would affect the workflow between the publishers and consumers of information.
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Google's French deal |Apr 06|

The Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (INIST) of the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) has partnered with Google. This agreement, through Google Scholar's Library Links programme, is intended to enhance the discovery and access to INIST's resources through Google Scholar.

Under the partnership, when authorised users of INIST's portals search Google Scholar, an INIST link appears next to results for articles that are available through INIST's range of subject portals. This customised Google Scholar environment is expected to provide CNRS researchers with simplified access to information they seek.

Google Scholar-enabled access is already available with INIST's BiblioVie research portal for life scientists, and other portals will follow soon. The integration of INIST research portals with Google Scholar is the first of several joint efforts that Google and INIST will undertake in 2006.

'We are pleased to partner with INIST to better support the important work of CNRS researchers,' said John Lewis Needham, who is in charge of strategic partnerships for Google France. 'Our Google Scholar search service is greatly enhanced by this collaboration.'
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British Library via Google Scholar |Apr 06|

Searches on Google Scholar now include links to the British Library's document delivery service. If search results match the library's holdings, users will have the option to buy articles via the British Library's online document ordering interface, British Library Direct. 'We exist for everyone who wants to do research and we give priority to initiatives that make our collection more easily accessible,' said Lynne Brindley, chief executive of the British Library. 'By partnering with Google Scholar, the British Library will enable users to identify and locate relevant articles more effectively than has previously been possible.' This move helps researchers to move from online subject searches to full-text access. Articles that are available from the library can be delivered direct to users' desktops via Secure Electronic Delivery in as little as two hours.
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Swiss science organisations sign Berlin declaration |Apr 06|

A collection of Swiss research institutes and other organisations have signed the 'Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities'. This declaration promotes access to information in the sciences and humanities free-of-charge.

The new signatories are the Rector's Conference of the Swiss Universities (CRUS), the Conference of the Swiss Universities of Applied Sciences(KFH), the Swiss Conference of Schools for Teacher Education (SKPH), the Council of the Swiss Scientific Academies (CASS), and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF).

By signing the so-called Berlin Declaration, the organisations commit to encouraging researchers to make their 'peer reviewed' journals openly available through personal archiving and to developing a technical infrastructure that permits fast and convenient access to scientific content. Researchers will also receive institutional support for their open-access efforts.
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OCLC acquires Openly Informatics |Apr 06|

Library cooperative Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) has purchased the assets of Openly Informatics, a provider of linking software and services for the library market.

Openly Informatics' 1.2 million-record database of linking metadata for electronic resources will be used to enrich the OCLC WorldCat database of bibliographic information. The enhanced records are expected to improve WorldCat applications such as FirstSearch WorldCat, WorldCat Resource Sharing, WorldCat Collection Analysis and Open WorldCat. OCLC WorldCat, in turn, will extend the Openly Informatics database by contributing metadata covering materials in other electronic formats, including electronic books, digital audio books, digital theses and dissertations.
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Usage statistics service launches commercially |Apr 06|

MPS Technologies, a subsidiary of Macmillan India, has launched a new service that it says will 'provide librarians with more opportunities to analyse and understand usage within their institutions or corporations.'

ScholarlyStats, which was beta tested with over 50 libraries during 2005, builds on the work of Project COUNTER in creating standards for vendor usage reporting. It enables libraries to outsource the collection and consolidation of journal and database usage reports.

'COUNTER does not endorse individual products, but we welcome initiatives like ScholarlyStats from MPS Technologies that help to make usage statistics more usable and accessible to libraries,' commented COUNTER's project director Peter Shepherd.

The service has already attracted some major partnerships. Thomson Scientific's forthcoming Journal Use Reports will use ScholarlyStats to provide data on usage, as well as its usual information on citations and institutional academic research.

Jayne Marks, CEO of MPS Technologies said, 'We are delighted that our two organisations can co-operate to help information professionals uncover a clearer view of how users are utilising information within academic institutions.'

MPS Technologies has also announced a deal with Swets where the Netherlands-based subscription agent becomes the first global channel partner for ScholarlyStats. SwetsWise usage statistics are also now included in the ScholarlyStats service and further integration between the two services is being explored.
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Software hunts through catalogues with just a sketch |Apr 06|

A US company has used pattern recognition techniques developed at Purdue University to create a tool that searches online resources using a simple freehand sketch.

Imaginestics' search engine lets users find items in an online catalogue without needing to know the items' names, part numbers or keywords.

The search tool, called 3D-Seek, and its associated catalogue, are currently aimed at manufacturing firms, which are constantly looking for products such as hinges, bolts and motors, but it could be extended to other applications.

The 3D-Seek software was built on top of technology created by Karthik Ramani and his colleagues at the Purdue Research and Education Center for Information Systems in Engineering. They developed search algorithms that enable computer-aided design files and other 3-D images to be compared rapidly. These algorithms have been refined into a system that requires only critical shape characteristics, rather than entire image files. As well as speeding up the search process and protecting proprietary information, this enables engineers and designers to search for a component by just drawing a simple sketch.
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Funding bodies seek supplier for UK PubMed Central |Apr 06|

The Wellcome Trust and a group of major UK biomedical research funding bodies are looking for a supplier to host, manage and develop a UK version of PubMed Central (UKPMC). Based on the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central, the aim of this initiative is to create a stable, permanent, and free-to-access online digital archive of the full-text, peer-reviewed research publications and datasets that arise from the research funded by the organisations involved.

UKPMC will be fully searchable and provide context-sensitive links to other online resources, such as gene and chemical compound databases. It is anticipated that the site, which should be fully operational by the beginning of next year, will handle around one million unique users per month and contain more than 500,000 research articles.

From last October it became a condition of Wellcome Trust funding that research papers had to be deposited in PubMed Central and eventually the UK version when it comes online.

Robert Terry, senior policy advisor at the Wellcome Trust, said: 'We are seeking a contractor who has a good track record of high-quality service provision and experience of collaborative working.'
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Oxford Journals preserves data with Portico |Apr 06|

Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press, will archive its content with Portico, an electronic archiving service launched in 2005 with funding from JSTOR, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Ithaka, and the Library of Congress.

This is the third major archiving agreement that Oxford Journals is participating in. In 2004, Oxford Journals became one of the first publishers to sign an archiving agreement with the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB), the National Library of the Netherlands, and in 2005 became a member of the LOCKSS preservation initiative from Stanford University.

'The agreement offers a further development to our archive provisions, by preserving an exact copy of journal content and by ensuring the usability of the archived content by migrating the files to future file formats as technology evolves,' said managing director Martin Richardson.
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Pilot tests Open WorldCat benefits in Europe |Apr 06|

OCLC PICA is currently running pilot initiatives to expand the Open WorldCat programme in Europe. The aim is to enable European libraries to increase the visibility of their holdings as well as their usage, and to strengthen their position as a source for online research. As a result of the pilot, holdings of libraries in the Netherlands and the UK will begin appearing in response to 'Find in a library' links from Open WorldCat search engine partners such as Yahoo! Search, Google and Ask Jeeves.

During the pilot, a number of features will be introduced that will help tailor the programme for European users. These include raising the ranking of records in country-specific search engine sites for items held in domestic libraries. The Open WorldCat 'Find in a Library' site and its links will also be translated, so that they can be immediately understood in the local language. In addition, more specific European geographic data (for example, postal codes) for library locations will be included. The first phase of the pilot will run until the end of June 2006.
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News in brief |Apr 06|

SAGE chooses PublisherStats web analytics tools and reports
SAGE Publications has chosen PublisherStats for web analytics. PublisherStats, from MPS Technologies and IBM SurfAid, provides web analytics tools and reports to help publishers understand how their content is being used, as well as providing COUNTER Release 2 compliant reports.

Springer takes on Experimental Mechanics
Springer has started publishing Experimental Mechanics for the Society for Experimental Mechanics. This international journal covers a wide range of experimental methods that include both electrical and optical sensors, electrical and fiber optic strain gages, transducers, and optical methods. The journal was previously published by SAGE Publications.

Ingenta strengthens subscription activation programme
Japanese subscription agent Maruzen has joined Ingenta's subscription agent partnership programme. The programme eliminates the need for publishers to pass on the access and authentication data they receive from agents, and is said to have been endorsed by 98 per cent of Ingenta's 280+ publisher customers. Other participants in the programme are: Brockhaus/German Books, Celdes, EBSCO Information Services, Globe Publication Pvt. Ltd, Licosa SpA, Otto Harrassowitz, Swets Information Services and USACO Corporation.

OCLC PICA supplies portals to Norwegian libraries
BIBSYS, a library information systems provider to over 100 libraries in Norway, has chosen OCLC PICA, along with its partner TDNet, to supply web-based library portals to a consortium formed by some of the BIBSYS libraries. BIBSYS will use the Elektra search portal in conjunction with TDNet's TOUResolver, Journal Manager and Knowledge Base.

Library service in South-West Germany partners with Springer
Springer has set up a partnership with the library service Bibliotheksservice-Zentrum Baden-Württemberg (BSZ). The BSZ runs the Südwestdeutscher Bibliotheksverbund (SWB), a library association catalogue database with 12 million titles from more than 1,000 libraries in South-West Germany. The aim of the partnership is to add elements such as sample chapters, tables of content, prefaces, and book covers to the Springer book content included in the SWB. Springer delivers this data electronically every month to be posted on the BSZ server.

Nielsen BookData and BDS separate their library services
In the second half of 2006 Nielsen BookData and Bibliographic Data Services will develop separate data products and services for use by librarians in the UK and overseas. Under the terms of a new working arrangement agreed recently, BookData will no longer market and sell BDS products and the two companies will cease to exchange bibliographic data for use in their products.

International ISBN Agency moves
After more than 30 years, the International ISBN Agency is moving from the State Library of Berlin. The international agency provides support and information to more than 160 ISBN agencies around the world. The move follows a decision by the Prussian Cultural Foundation to discontinue its support for the agency. The agency's new home will be London. EDItEUR, the international body that develops and promotes book trade standards, will take over responsibility for the day-to-day running of the agency from April 2006.

Publishers expand peer-review relationships with ScholarOne
Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press, has chosen ScholarOne's Manuscript Central for its enterprise-wide online peer review. The company currently has 41 journals using Manuscript Central, and that number will grow to 90 in the coming months. Taylor & Francis has also increased its current contract with ScholarOne to license Manuscript Central for the online peer-review management of 300 journals worldwide.

Bailey Solutions teams up with Nielsen BookData
Nielsen BookData, which supplies bibliographic data services, has joined forces with Bailey Solutions, the UK-based library software supplier, to provide bibliographic data to support two new cataloguing services from Bailey Solutions. The first of the new services is Bailey Solutions' 'AutoCat' tool which allows users to populate their book catalogue records with up-to-date bibliographic data from BookData's online database. The second service is Bailey Solutions' 'Batch' cataloguing service which uses BookData's content to provide bibliographic data, from a list of ISBNs, for the library's current stock holding.

Endeavor and TDNet expand electronic-access partnership
Endeavor Information Systems has expanded its existing partnership agreement with TDNet, a provider of e-resource management solutions. The resulting product, Discovery: Resolver, delivers enhanced electronic access to OpenURL and non-OpenURL target resources. Discovery: Resolver is a replacement for Endeavor's current LinkFinderPlus product.

Blackwell regains dermatology contract and buys dentistry journals
Dermatologic Surgery will again be published by Blackwell Publishing. The journal, which is a publication of the American Society of Dermatologic Surgery (ASDS), was published by Blackwell from 1998 to 2004 and is returning after a brief partnership with another publisher. Blackwell Publishing has also bought the Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, the official journal of nine esthetics-oriented societies around the world, and Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research. Both journals were previously published by BC Decker.

Italian hospitals choose Emerald
Italy's hospital library consortium, Consorzio delle Biblioteche Mediche dell'Emilia Romagna, has awarded Emerald Group Publishing a three year deal. Users from five of the twelve hospitals of the consortium in the Emilia Romagna region of Italy will receive access to the Emerald Fulltext Plus database of electronic journals.

Nature will publish Immunology and Cell Biology
Nature Publishing Group (NPG) and the Australasian Society for Immunology (ASI) have announced a partnership to publish the society's flagship journal, Immunology and Cell Biology, from January 2007.

Oxford University picks VITAL for repositories
VITAL from VTLS will enable digital repositories to be shared at the UK's University of Oxford and its member libraries. VTLS was chosen because its services are built on its Fedora core and are said to have excellent adherence to key open standards. Interoperability with other repositories was another key consideration for the university library service.

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Publishers sue Google over copyright of books

The Association of American Publishers (AAP) has filed a lawsuit against Google over its plans to digitally copy and distribute copyrighted works without permission of the copyright owners. AAP says the lawsuit was filed 'only after discussions broke down between AAP and Google's management regarding the copyright infringement implications of the Google Print Library Project'.

The project involves digitising millions of books from the libraries of Stanford University, Harvard University and the University of Michigan in the USA, as well as publicly available works from Oxford University and the New York Public Library.

The suit seeks a court declaration that Google commits infringement when it scans entire books covered by copyright, and asks for a court order preventing the search engine from doing so without permission of the copyright owner.

AAP filed the suit on behalf of five of its major publisher members: the McGraw-Hill Companies, Pearson Education, Penguin Group (USA), Simon & Schuster, and John Wiley & Sons. This came after 'an overwhelming vote of support' by the 20-member AAP board.'The publishing industry is united behind this lawsuit against Google and united in the fight to defend its rights,' said AAP president Patricia Schroeder. 'While authors and publishers know how useful Google's search engine can be and think the Print Library could be an excellent resource, the bottom line is that under its current plan Google is seeking to make millions of dollars by freeloading on the talent and property of authors and publishers.'

AAP proposed that Google resolve the issue by using the ISBN numbering system to identify works under copyright and secure permission from publishers and authors to scan these works - but Google is said to have rejected the proposal.

'By rejecting the reasonable ISBN solution, Google left our members no choice but to file this suit,' explained Schroeder. The AAP action follows an earlier lawsuit filed by the Authors Guild on behalf of its 8,000 members.

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Swets completes SUSHI integration tests

Swets has successfully completed integration tests of its Electronic Resource Management statistics with two ILS vendors, Innovative Interfaces and Ex Libris, as part of the Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI). The statistics transferred in these tests were all compliant with the internationally recognised COUNTER format.

SUSHI is an initiative created by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) that aims to help librarians track usage of online content. Although many content providers supply usage data, libraries have discovered that receiving statistics on a provider-by-provider basis is time consuming and costly to administer. SUSHI aims to provide a protocol that will enable libraries to retrieve and analyse that information in a standard data container.

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UK libraries try out LOCKSS in an effort to preserve access

Two UK-based organisations, JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) and CURL (Consortium of Research Libraries in the British Isles), are carrying out an extended pilot to deploy the LOCKSS system, devised at Stanford University, in selected UK libraries. This is a move to address the potential problem of educational institutions losing access to entire back runs of electronic journals when subscriptions are cancelled or when journals cease publication.

LOCKSS ('Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe') preserves access to a library's online journals in a local 'LOCKSS box' in a manner acceptable to publishers. The chosen libraries will each keep copies of the journals they subscribe to and, together, they will ensure continued access to subscribed online journals - even if a publisher should disappear, a journal cease publication or the library end its subscription.

Robin Green, executive director of CURL, said: 'The profile of digital preservation has increased significantly in recent years, but there is still a great deal to do in this area and libraries have a vital role to play. We hope that a great many will be interested in playing their part in this important programme.'

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Partnership delivers multilingual text mining solutions

Basis Technology, which supplies tools for multilingual computing and information retrieval, has formed a business alliance with text-mining supplier TEMIS for mutual technology integration and the development of new multilingual text mining applications for government and commercial markets.

The integration of TEMIS' Insight Discoverer solutions for European languages and Basis Technology's Rosette language analysis system for Asian and Middle Eastern languages will allow users to extract meaningful intelligence from unstructured data. The companies' multilingual text mining applications will allow organisations to identify, group, and classify unstructured documents based on relevancy, similarity, and combined statistical and linguistic analysis.

This integration has also strengthened Basis Technology's language coverage, adding 16 additional European languages to its Rosette Linguistics Platform.

Charles Huot, CEO of TEMIS, said: 'This alliance brings great value to our customers who frequently ask for new, innovative solutions and more language support. It is also an important step forward in establishing our presence in the US.'

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Springer buys Current Medicine Group

Springer Science+Business Media has acquired the Current Medicine Group (CMG), a publisher for the healthcare community based in the UK and the USA.

'The acquisition of CMG further strengthens Springer's position in sponsored publishing in the US and UK. Springer already has similar operations in Germany, the Netherlands and Italy and with the acquisition of CMG we will strengthen these activities significantly,' explained Derk Haank, Springer's CEO.

He said that Springer's STM operations and CMG's publishing programmes will not be integrated since they serve different markets. However, he added: 'In the coming months we will look at the appropriate organisational structure to give us maximum benefit.' Approximately 100 employees from CMG's four units will join Springer. Abe Krieger and Jane Hunter, managing directors of CMG's US and UK businesses respectively, will also join Springer and continue to run the CMG units.

Abe Krieger said: 'I am truly excited to join Springer and am convinced we can grow CMG activities by accelerating our publishing programmes and by increased marketing and sales, not only in pharmaceutical publishing, but also in surgery and radiology.'

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Investment changes access to library resources

A survey by the UK's Research Information Network has shown that investment of £30 million over six years has dramatically changed the provision of access to research resources in university libraries. Over the period 1999-2005, the Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) access funding scheme has enabled almost 50 university libraries in the UK to invest in activities and initiatives aimed at extending access to their collections.

A major result of this funding is that there is now a national scheme for universities to provide access to their research holdings and facilities on equal terms to all researchers in the higher education sector. The RIN says that the survey demonstrates how libraries no longer need to fear that opening up access to external users will lead to unsustainable over-use and swamping.

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Publishers expand STM activities in Asia

Wiley, Nature and Thomson are all expanding their science, technology and medicine activities in Asia. Wiley will create a new STM publishing programme that will be located at its Asian headquarters in Singapore. This is in addition to its other three STM publishing programmes that are located in Hoboken, New Jersey; Chichester, England; and Weinheim, Germany.

The new programme will publish book and journal content from Asia for a worldwide audience, to benefit from Asia's recent emergence as an important source of STM content. Another goal of the initiative is to strengthen coverage of Asian content in existing Wiley publications from the US, UK, and Germany.

'Asia is an area where we see tremendous publishing and market opportunities' said Steve Miron, vice-president, Wiley Asia and general manager for Global STM Books.

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) is also expanding in Asia with plans to transform its representative company in Japan into 'the hub of a scientific, technical and medical publishing powerhouse in the Asia-Pacific region'. Editors of two new journals, Nature Nanotechnology and Nature Photonics, will be based in Tokyo and more are expected to be located in Japan and China in the future.

'Scientific research in Japan, Korea and China is really making heads turn,' said David Swinbanks, NPG publishing director in charge of the new strategy. 'With science in the region moving ahead so quickly, we have to move forward as well.'

The emergence of Asia in STM research has also been noticed by Thomson, which is creating a joint lab for intellectual property development with China's Ministry of Information Industry (MII). The lab will be located in the MII-China Silicon Intellectual Property Public Service Platform (CSIP) building, and will equip Chinese researchers with resources for scientific innovation, including scientific and knowledge tools for patent and literature search and analysis.

The lab's mission is to promote the rapid development of intellectual property within the IT industry; to educate researchers throughout China about efficient and effective ways to conduct research using world class intellectual property research and analysis tools; and to work together to accelerate the awareness and capabilities of Chinese companies.

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Scopus wins STM award for Elsevier

Elsevier's abstracting and indexing database, Scopus, won the International Information Industry Award for best Scientific, Technical and Medical (STM) Information Product at the recent Online Information 2005 show. Scopus accepted the award with two of its development partners, David Price of Oxford University, and Hilda Nassar of the American University of Beirut.

Eefke Smit, Elsevier's managing director for ScienceDirect and Bibliographic Databases, commented: 'Scopus was designed by researchers and librarians and embodies their unique needs and requirements. Therefore we want to thank the hundreds of researchers and librarians who continue to give us their time and expertise to develop Scopus. This award is as much theirs as it is ours.'

Other winners included the National Institute of Mental Health in England Knowledge Community for innovation in knowledge management and ProQuest SmartSearch for best specialist search product.

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Users need to know more about their libraries

Information consumers view libraries as places to borrow print books, but are unaware of the rich electronic content they can access through libraries, according to a new report from Online Computer Library Center (OCLC), the world's largest library cooperative.

The report found that 84 per cent of the 3,348 respondents use search engines to begin an information search, while only one per cent begin with a search on a library web site. Information consumers say that they still use the library but that they use the library less and read less since they began using the internet. And they still used the library most often for borrowing print books.

Meanwhile, quality and quantity of information are top determinants of a satisfactory electronic information search, not speed of results. However, respondents do not trust purchased information more than free information. The report also found that 90 per cent of respondents were satisfied with their most recent search for information using a search engine. In addition, information consumers like to use personal knowledge and common sense to judge if electronic information is trustworthy, and they cross-reference other sites to validate their findings. These results were consistent among respondents in the six countries surveyed (Australia, Canada, India, Singapore, the UK and the USA).

'We wanted to know more about people's information-seeking practices and preferences, how familiar people are with the wide variety of e-resources libraries provide for their users, and how libraries compare to other information resources, particularly web-based resources,' said Cathy De Rosa, vice-president, OCLC Marketing & Library Services, and a principal contributor to the report. 'The challenge for libraries is to clearly define and market their services and collections, both physical and virtual,' said De Rosa. 'It's time to rejuvenate the "Library" brand.'

Perceptions of Libraries and Information Resources is available for download free of charge at

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Wiley acquires Dialysis & Transplantation from Creative Age

John Wiley & Sons has bought Dialysis & Transplantation from California-based Creative Age Publications. Said to be the oldest peer-reviewed renal care journal in the world, Dialysis & Transplantation provides nephrology and renal transplantation information to nephrologists, surgeons, internists and other physicians, nurses, administrators, medical directors, dieticians, and other professionals in more than 130 countries.

Wiley begins publishing the journal in 2006 and will continue to make it available in print and online at no charge to qualified readers and through subscription to other individual and institutional customers.

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MIT chooses Atypon for its journals platform

THE MIT Press is partnering with Atypon to host the new MIT Press online journals publishing platform. 'At The MIT Press, we serve an audience of intelligent, increasingly busy readers who have more information to digest than ever before. We are confident that the decision to move to Atypon will allow our readers to access our wide range of journal content on a high-quality and well-developed web platform with great ease' said Rebecca McLeod, journals manager for The MIT Press.

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Springer partners with the Association for Educational Communications and Technology

The Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) and Springer will publish two journals together in the field of education. Springer is taking on the role of publisher and exclusive distributor of the AECT journals Educational Technology Research and Development and TechTrends.

Phillip L. Harris, executive director of AECT, commented, 'The opportunity to work with such a well-known and respected publisher will enable AECT to ensure the continued growth of its journals and their influence in the field.'

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CSA acquires Community of Science internet site

CSA has acquired Community of Science (COS), an internet site for the global R&D community that is said to have established itself, over the last 15 years, as a leader in grant funding opportunities and researcher expertise information.

COS, which originated as a spin-off of The Johns Hopkins University in the USA, represents more than 1,300 universities, associations, and other research institutions that, together, comprise more than 480,000 scholars and researchers.

The Community of Science builds web-enabled expertise management and content services to connect its members with scholarly information and resources.

Users' current access to the COS products will be maintained but these products will also be integrated into CSA Illumina, CSA's access platform.

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AAPS and Springer expand their partnership

The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) and Springer have added a book publishing programme to their partnership. The AAPS has sponsored Springer's journal Pharmaceutical Research for nearly 20 years.

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Knovel teams up with Nylink

Knovel Corporation, which provides web-based information services, has announced a partnership with Nylink, the not-for-profit membership organisation of libraries and information organisations throughout New York State and surrounding areas. A cooperative purchasing agreement makes Knovel Library available to Nylink's college and university members at a discounted rate. 'Partnering with an esteemed organisation like Nylink is an honour for Knovel,' said Chris Forbes, CEO of Knovel Corporation. 'Its collective purchasing power offers members significant price benefits, and its thorough partner evaluation process allows customers to subscribe with confidence.'

The partners will also develop relationships with other library networks.

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Oxford Journals takes over publication of Europace

Europace, the official journal of the European Heart Rhythm Association of the European Society for Cardiology (ESC), is now being published by Oxford Journals.

Europace - The European Journal of Pacing, Arrhythmias and Cardiac Electrophysiology journal provides peer-reviewed European and international scientific work and reviews in the fields of Arrhythmias, Pacing, and Cardiac Electrophysiology. This new agreement is the second of the ESC's titles to join Oxford Journals, following The European Heart Journal in January 2005.

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All TMS members have access to a library of important references.

Knovel Corporation, which provides web-based information services, has announced a partnership with The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society (TMS).

The new service, called TMS e-Library, uses Knovel's publishing platform and grants all TMS members online access to full-text versions of three important reference books. In addition, an additional 21 titles are available to members for a small yearly access fee. Knovel's intuitive research platform is said to help users quickly locate data, analyse it, and export the results.

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French physical therapy journal joins Springer

Springer France will publish La Lettre - Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, a leading physical therapy journal of the Association Nationale de Médecins Spécialistes de Rééducation (ANMSR). This agreement is said to strengthen Springer France's French-language portfolio in orthopedics and related medical fields.

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Scopus links to JSTOR

Scopus now including links to full-text articles in over 250 of the journals archived by JSTOR, the not-for-profit organisation that aims to create, maintain and provide access to a trusted archive of important scholarly journals. From this archive, researchers can retrieve high-resolution, scanned images of journal issues and pages as they were originally designed, printed, and illustrated.

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Authors to benefit from new royalties agreement

The Publishers Licensing Society (PLS) and Authors' Licensing & Collecting Society (ALCS) have signed an agreement that establishes terms for a new five-year partnership. This agreement provides for the equitable distribution of secondary rights royalties (from photocopying or scanning) between UK-registered publishers and authors. It is also the first formal publisher/author agreement in the history of the UK's collective rights management.

In the past, publishers have been asked to declare that they owned or controlled over 90 per cent of rights to a publication to be entitled to 100 per cent of photocopy fee revenue attributed to that title. If they owned less than the 90 per cent, they would only be entitled to 75 per cent of the revenue, the remaining 25 per cent going to authors/contributors. This declaration has now been replaced with a one tier payment split of 85 per cent of revenue to publishers, and 15 per cent to authors across all serials publications, irrespective of the percentage of rights owned or controlled.

This marks a shift in revenue from publishers to authors and a perception that publishers are increasingly recognising the rights of authors.

The agreement streamlines the payment of royalties and means authors contributing to serials, including academic journals, will receive 15 per cent of photocopy revenue, irrespective of the amount of rights that the publisher owns or controls.

'This agreement provides a sound foundation for writers and publishers to work together to raise awareness and improve the understanding of the benefits of copyright and respect for creativity,' says Jane Carr, CEO of ALCS. 'Along with publishers, writers must be recognised for the economic contribution they make to the "knowledge economy". They need to receive both recognition and reward for the vital role they play in the value chain from which publishers and users benefit.'

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Technology partnership tackles digital preservation

Sun Microsystems and Endeavor Information Systems will work together to create global digital repositories and preservation technologies to protect critical educational, cultural and historical information.

The multi-year partnership will combine Sun's infrastructure technologies, such as its Solaris operating system, with Endeavor's expertise in digital library management software. Endeavor will also draw on the experience that its parent company, Elsevier, has in STM publishing, particularly in managing large scale content repositories with millions of assets. Together, the companies plan to create a next-generation platform for digital preservation and storage.

'With their current offerings, Sun and Endeavor already enable us to better manage our physical and digital assets,' commented Kai Ekholm, who is national librarian for the National Library of Finland. 'What's exciting about this expanded partnership is that the combined strength of these two companies will truly help any institution with long term repository and preservation needs to achieve their goals.'

Under terms of the agreement, Sun, Elsevier and Endeavor will collaborate on specific solutions and optimise current technologies for each other's platforms. Sun is creating software that connects Endeavor's award-winning ENCompass digital library management system to Sun's Java System Access Manager to ensure that the appropriate digital data is being distributed to the appropriate people. The companies are also collaborating on technologies such as Sun's StorEdge Content Infrastructure System to ensure optimal ease-of-use.

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OCLC PICA acquires Fretwell-Downing

OCLC PICA, a library systems and services provider based in the Netherlands, has bought the UK-based Fretwell-Downing Informatics Group (FDI).

FDI will continue to trade under its own name. Both OCLC PICA and FDI are said to be committed to supporting the existing product ranges. The acquisition is expected to enable both companies to make use of each others' technology, capabilities and skill sets. This announcement follows OCLC PICA's acquisition of Sisis Informationssysteme (Germany) in July 2005.

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Springer plans European growth

Springer Science and Business Media plans to acquire a fast-growing group of publishing companies in the Netherlands. The group consists of Rendement Uitgeverij (Rotterdam), Checklist Publishing (Dordrecht), the educational publisher Uitgeverij Goed Bestuur (Rotterdam) and the service company Publicount (Rotterdam). The companies and their 26 employees will become part of Springer Uitgeverij in the Netherlands. Luc Muijser, Jan Schelling and Arne Westerhof, who make up the current management of the companies, will continue to act as publishers.

Derk Haank, CEO of Springer said: 'These companies are not only important publishers in their own field, but they also are well managed and will contribute directly to Springer's results, thus helping us to achieve a more significant position in the Dutch B2B publishing market.'

Springer is also expanding in Central Europe with a new partnership with Polish company Central European Science Journals (CESJ). In 2006 the two companies will begin co-publishing journals of Central and Eastern European societies and other institutions. During the next few years, the number of co-published journals in a variety of disciplines will reach approximately 40 and will cover societies and institutions in Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslavia and Albania.

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Reed Elsevier in controversy over arms trade promotion

A group of researchers, scientists, medical professionals and campaigners has called on Reed Elsevier to 'end its international promotion of the arms trade'.

The request refers to Reed Elsevier's involvement in some of the world's largest arms fairs through its exhibition wing, Reed Exhibitions, and was made in a letter in the 10 September 2005 issue of the journal, The Lancet.

The group claims that Reed Elsevier's involvement with the arms trade contradicts Reed Elsevier's own subscription to the UN Global Compact, which aims to prevent conflicts and human rights abuse. The group members also claim that 'there is a demonstrable lack of effective regulation' at the company's arms fairs. They maintain that, for example, at the 2003 Defence Systems and Equipment International (DSEi) exhibition, although organisers asked exhibitors not to promote cluster munitions, journalists found cluster bombs openly on display.

In response, Reed Elsevier stated: 'The defence industry is central to the preservation of freedom and national security... All nations participating in DSEi are subject to the strictest rules and regulations about what they may exhibit and sell at the event. Should any exhibitor be found to be displaying or promoting prohibited items during DSEi, its stand would immediately be closed, its licence to exhibit would be rescinded and the breach would be reported to the appropriate prosecuting authority. It is our view that the defence industry is necessary for upholding national security, for the preservation of democratic values and supporting the ever-widening role played by the armed forces.'

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Southern Queensland library selects FDI

The library of the University of Southern Queensland in Australia has selected Fretwell-Downing Informatics (FDI's) ZPORTAL system for federated searching of electronic resources and the OL2 OpenURL-enabled link resolver to dynamically build links between citation information and digital content.

Almost 80 per cent of USQ students are classified as 'off-campus' or external, presenting a challenge for the university library in terms of student access to resources, service and resource delivery, and student support. In March 2004, the university library implemented FDI's VDX software, locally called DocEx, to provide web-based document discovery, request and delivery as an option for off-campus students. The ZPORTAL/ OL2 solution will expand the range of services available through DocEx. The architecture is also capable of evolving to meet new functional requirements that the university library may have for federated searching and document delivery in the future.

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Wiley acquires InfoPOEM

Wiley has acquired InfoPOEM, a provider of evidence-based medicine (EBM) content and web-based search tools. InfoPOEM delivers daily email summaries of medical evidence and provides a web-based software tool called InfoRetriever that enables access to EBM resources at the clinical point-of-care.

'The future of clinical practice is evidence-based medicine and InfoPOEM has strong brands in the high-growth market for point-of-care EBM solutions,' said Shawn Morton, Wiley's vice-president and publishing director for medicine. 'Through this acquisition Wiley will provide an integrated content tool offering that enhances the quality of medical care.'

The acronym POEM stands for 'Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters'. POEMs are selected from over 100 leading peer-reviewed medical journals and chosen on the basis of unique and reproducible criteria developed by the company's founders.

InfoRetriever allows physicians to easily and quickly look up this and other evidence to support medical decision-making at the point-of-care via desktop computers and personal digital assistants (PDAs), including devices using both the Palm and Pocket PC operating systems.

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Oxford Journals LOCKSS up content

Oxford Journals will begin preserving its content in Stanford University's LOCKSS Programme. LOCKSS (Lots of Copies Keep Stuff Safe) is a community-based, open-source, persistent-access, digital preservation system. It enables publishers to guarantee long-term perpetual access to their content by allowing libraries to store, preserve, and provide back-up access to the content they have purchased.

Oxford Journals is the first HighWire publisher to join the programme.

'Preserving access to scholarly research is a critical issue for Oxford Journals and its publishing partners,' commented Martin Richardson, managing director, Oxford Journals. 'With more and more content becoming available online, we are concerned to ensure that this electronic information is as permanent and safeguarded as possible, so that research remains available for the long term.'

By participating in the programme, Oxford Journals grants permission to LOCKSS alliance member libraries to use the LOCKSS software to collect, preserve, and provide back-up access to its content.

The company has already added 13 journals to LOCKSS and further titles are scheduled for addition over the coming year.

This announcement follows other preservation moves by the company, including its archiving agreement with the National Library of the Netherlands, Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB) in 2004. Oxford Journals is also undertaking a backfile digitisation programme, which is due for completion in early 2006.

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Wolters Kluwer Health acquires Boucher Communications

Wolters Kluwer Health has acquired the total assets of US-based Boucher Communications (BCI). BCI assets will become a part of Wolters Kluwer Health's Medical Research unit, a provider of print and electronic research information for medical and academic institutions, medical practitioners, and corporations.

BCI specialises in serving the optometry, opticianry, and ophthalmology markets, with publications such as Eyecare Business, Optometric Management, Contact Lens Spectrum and Ophthalmology Management, as well as Retinal Physician, a bi-monthly publication covering the latest scientific developments regarding advances in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic retinopathy, and posterior segment care.

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New JISC service draws on UK visualisation expertise

Researchers who would benefit from visualising their data have a new support network to turn to for advice and guidance. The UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has announced the funding of a Visualisation Support Network (VizNet), which pools the expertise of key visualisation centres in UK universities.

This service will tap into existing expertise whilst supporting other universities to exploit the potential of visualisation in their research activities.

JISC has allocated funding for the Visualisation Support Network over the next three years to centres based at Loughborough University and King's College London. The Loughborough centre, representing a consortium of Loughborough University, the University of Cardiff, the University of Leeds, the University of Manchester, and the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, will provide a focal point for sharing knowledge and best practice between application domains and provide training in advanced visualisation techniques. The centre at King's College London will provide a 3D Visualisation in the Arts Network, with the same broad aims as the Loughborough centre, but focusing on the needs of researchers in the arts and humanities. The centres will work closely together to ensure maximum synergy and to avoid duplication of effort.

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ALPSP award winners are announced

The European Respiratory Journal and Nature Publishing Group were among the winners of this year's Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) Awards and the ALPSP/Charlesworth Awards.

The European Respiratory Journal (ERJ) won the ALPSP/Charlesworth Award for Learned Journals 2005. Alan Singleton, chair of the panel of judges for 2005, said: 'The ERJ has recently been redesigned and demonstrates really good balance between design and content. The cover and content are clear and attractive; affiliations, citation data and complex statistical information are presented clearly, with the different elements defined through the use of features such as floating columns, colours and tints.'

Nature Publishing Group's Connotea won the ALPSP Award for Publishing Innovation. Connotea is a free online reference management service for scientists. It allows users to store their web links online, enabling them to be accessed from any web browser, and to organise them using individually chosen tags. The site also allows users to share their links with others and discover links to new publications or other resources that are relevant to their interests.

Chris Matthews, former director of digital content and publishing at the Department of Trade and Industry, was presented with the ALPSP Award for Scholarly Publishing.

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Springer adds two journals to its portfolio

Springer is to publish the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology (with the Society for Mathematical Biology) and the Journal of Urban Health (with the New York Academy of Medicine).

Both publishing partnerships will commence in January 2006. The two journals were previously published by Elsevier and Oxford University Press respectively.

Springer plans to increase the number of editorial pages published in the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, as well as to install a manuscript tracking system to speed publication of important articles in the field.

'The field of mathematical biology is one of the fastest-growing in science at the moment,' said Mark Chaplain, president of the Society for Mathematical Biology. 'The rate of submission of high-quality papers to the Bulletin of Mathematical Biology has doubled over the past three years. The Society for Mathematical Biology is pleased to be working with Springer at such an exciting time.'

Under Springer, the Journal of Urban Health will increase its publication frequency to bimonthly and expand editorial content. Both publications will be accessible via SpringerLink, Springer's electronic platform.

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JISC plans to invest extra £80m in UK education and research

The UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has announced plans to invest an extra £80 million in a range of activities to support UK eduction and research from 2006 to 2008. The funds, which have been awarded by the Higher Education Funding Council for England, are expected to significantly enhance the UK's digital infrastructure and bring a wide range of benefits to the higher education and research sectors.

The plans cover several areas. In the area of repositories, JISC money will be used to: provide institutions with policy advice and technical guidance on setting up digital repositories; support institutions in developing a critical mass of content; and provide national structures to support searching across federated repositories.

Further investment was also announced for the digitisation of important scholarly resources; e-Learning; e-Research; the next-generation SuperJANET5 network; and the Virtual Research Environment (VRE) programme.

Sir Ron Cooke, chair of JISC, said: 'These activities represent an important milestone in the continued development of our national e-infrastructure. The wide range of activities covered in these plans will bring widespread benefits to the higher education and research communities, and JISC is delighted to have been entrusted with what are significant funds for further investment.'

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Project links local library catalogues and search engines

Innovative Interfaces has completed a project to link Open WorldCat, a web-accessible union catalogue of over 61 million records, with over 700 Innovative public and academic library systems in North America. Users of search engine tools like Google and Yahoo! Search will be able to view local items from Innovative libraries with just a few clicks of their mouse.

Open WorldCat makes records of library-owned materials in Online Computer Library Centre's (OCLC's) WorldCat database available to web users on popular internet search, bibliographic, and book-selling sites. Innovative libraries, which collectively contain tens of millions of items in North America, will provide web users with holdings information for the citations they find in WorldCat. When a search engine produces results that match a searcher's keyword or title, it also presents a link to the Open WorldCat 'Find in a Library' interface. There they can locate the item they want at a local or regional library.

'The OCLC Open WorldCat programme directs millions of web searchers each month to their local libraries to find the information they're seeking,' said Jay Jordan, OCLC president and CEO. 'OCLC's partnership with Innovative Interfaces will help guide these web searchers a step further - to the record of the item they want in their local library. This makes records of items in local libraries just a few clicks away from a search on the open web.'

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National Library of Wales chooses VTLS products

The National Library of Wales has signed a contract with VTLS of the USA that will bring together records for around three million of the library's books and journals and about 55,000 archive and manuscript records, as well as putting 60,000 records of the National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales onto one system.

VTLS will supply its VIRTUA interlibrary system, its VITAL institutional repository tool, its VERIFY electronic rights management product, and AquaBrowser, which is its graphic search tool. The library's purchase of VIRTUA included cataloging, circulation, acquisitions, serials, iPortal, InfoStation, Ad Hoc Reporting and FRBR. The VERIFY system was purchased with a 10-user licence.

The new information management system, which is funded by the Welsh Assembly Government, will replace several current individual computer systems and will allow searching of all the library's collections through one interface. It will also allow more specific searching to take place. It is expected that the main elements of the new system will be in place by the spring of 2006 and further enhanced features will be added in 2006-07.

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Cavendish registers titles with BookData

Cavendish Publishing is to register its digital publications with the newly established DOI Registration Agency at BookData. All digitised titles from Cavendish will be identified using a digital object identifier (DOI), allowing the publisher to ensure that every reference made to a title on the internet is guaranteed to lead the reader to the desired location, even if the location of the title has changed since the reference was first made.

'DOIs will be the new ISBNs, anyone serious about online or web marketing, promotion or selling will have to consider DOIs for their content. With DOIs we will be able to sell more of our content chapter by chapter,' commented Sonny Leong, managing director of Cavendish Publishing.

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Wiley acquires medical robotics journal

John Wiley & Sons has completed the acquisition of The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, from Robotic Publications. Wiley will continue to publish the quarterly journal, which launched in June 2004, in both print and online formats. The original editorial team of international experts in the field of robotics and related technologies for medical applications will continue to work with Wiley to ensure the quality and relevance of the journal's content.

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UK Patent Office moves to the British Library

The UK Patent Office has moved into the British Library's flagship building at St Pancras, London. The move brings together the Patent Office's London search room and the resources of the British Library's Business & Intellectual Property Centre. The centre already provides free access to the world's largest collection of market research reports and a comprehensive range of online subscription databases. By incorporating the resources of the Patent Office, it says that it will offer researchers, SMEs and entrepreneurs a one-stop-shop for the latest information on patents, markets, marketing and business.

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Emerald buys four journal titles

Emerald Group Publishing Limited has acquired four journal titles in the field of accounting and investment. Purchased from four different publishers, the journals are said to offer practical management advice and complement Emerald's existing seven-strong portfolio of accounting, auditing and legal titles. According to the company, the purchases are part of an ongoing strategy of targeted acquisition to ensure that Emerald remains the world's leading management journal publisher. The four titles are the Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, the Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, the Journal of Investment Compliance and Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management.

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RIN supports library borrowing scheme

The UK's new Research Information Network (RIN) has given its first funding grant to the Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL) to ensure the continuation of the SCONUL Research Extra Scheme. Launched in 2003, with an initial grant from the Research Support Libraries Programme, SCONUL Research Extra is the largest academic access scheme in the UK and Ireland, and allows researchers in an extended academic community to share resources by extending borrowing privileges to all participating libraries.

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TSW forms two new alliances

Customers of the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI) will now be able purchase articles from TheScientificWorld (TSW) publications thanks to an agreement between the two organisations. OpenURL linking allows registered CISTI clients to order articles directly from TheScientificWorld's web site.

TSW has also signed an agreement with Swets Information Services to participate in SwetsWise Online Content, a service that provides single access to e-journals. Through this electronic service, libraries and information centres around the world are now able to access TSW publications, including the peer-reviewed journal, TheScientificWorldJOURNAL.

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Techstreet and ISPE form online digital content partnership

The International Society for Pharmaceutical Engineering (ISPE) has selected Techstreet to distribute its publications in digital format through a new online web store. In addition to obtaining ISPE publications in digital format, ISPE members and customers can search, order and download related industry standards from Techstreet, which is part of Thomson and the provider of one of the world's largest online databases of technical information.

ISPE publications provide essential benchmark data for pharmaceutical engineering and manufacturing professionals worldwide. These include the GAMP Good Practice Guides, the Baseline Pharmaceutical Engineering Guide series, training tools and programs for clinical trial materials, and other GMP publications and products.

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InforSense and MDL expand relationship

InforSense and Elsevier MDL have announced an expanded strategic relationship to integrate the new-generation MDL Isentris informatics platform with the InforSense KDE workflow-based integrative analytics platform. They will also explore further joint development initiatives. The companies believe that the collaboration will enable scientists in the life sciences to use information and knowledge more effectively and improve R&D productivity.

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Nature Publishing Group amends its licence policy

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) is amending its site licence policy to provide customers with post-cancellation rights to content associated with their licensed publications, subject to payment of an annual access fee. At the same time, the period of content associated with site licences will be redefined.

Currently, the content accessible via a site licence includes all content published during the site licence period, plus specified archive content; usually back to 1997, or the first issue of the journal on the platform. This will be maintained for licences starting in 2006.

The new licences will provide post-cancellation rights to the licensed content. This means that all renewing customers will be granted post-cancellation rights to the content that they can currently access via their site licence.

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SAGE provides access to researches in developing countries

SAGE Publications will provide online access to more than 300 of its journals to research institutions in 66 of the world's less developed countries, either free of charge or for greatly subsidised rates, in 2006.

This agreement was arranged via the Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information (PERI), which is an initiative of the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP). This programme supports capacity building in the research sector of developing countries by strengthening the production, access and dissemination of information and knowledge.

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OA journals receive further financial boost

The third round of open-access funding from the UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) will benefit three journals that have already received funding in previous years. JISC's Open Access programme awards seed money to help publishers to explore open-access models of publishing. The latest funding, which totals £84,500, will be awarded to the New Journal of Physics (published by the Institute of Physics Publishing); the journals of the International Union of Crystallography (IUCr); and the Journal of Medical Genetics (BMJ Publishing Group).

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Google Print for Libraries comes under criticism

Google has continued its push into the research information sector with the development of Google Print for Libraries, a tool to make off-line inform-ation searchable. For this project, the company is indexing the book collections of several major research libraries. This content is searchable through Google Print for Libraries. This complements the books provided by publishers that can be searched through Google Print for Publishers.

The company says it aims to make it easier to find relevant books, particularly books that readers might not be able to find any other way. It also claims that it aims to 'carefully respect authors' and publishers' copyrights'. Books that are in the public domain are shown in full in the company's search engine, whereas books that are still under copyright are shown only in the parts that are relevant to the user's search term. The user can then chose whether they want to find a physical copy of the book.

The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP), however, claims that Google Print for Libraries 'was apparently developed without any consultation with publishers'. The association is calling on Google to cease unlicensed digitisation of copyright materials with immediate effect. It wants Google to enter urgent discussions with representatives of the publishing industry in order to arrive at an appropriate licensing solution for Google Print for Libraries.

Sally Morris, chief executive of ALPSP said: 'Google Print for Libraries entails making complete digital copies of publications, including works which are still in copyright. Irrespective of whether the results may be damaging or beneficial to the copyright owners, the fact remains that copying on such a scale is in clear contravention of copyright law and is not covered by any exception in any relevant legislation. Permitting pub-lishers to 'opt out' is not an acceptable substitute for proper licensing in the first place; while we appreciate that publisher-by-publisher negotiations could be impractical, by working through representative trade organ-isations, or even collective licensing agencies, it should be possible to negotiate a workable licensing framework.'

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New ISBN standard published

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has published the new edition of the ISBN standard. The new edition, which has been in preparation for over three years, is said to contain the most far-reaching changes to ISBN since it was first standardised in 1972. With effect from 1 January 2007, the ISBN will cease to be a 10-digit number. All ISBNs will become 13-digit numbers and for the first time be identical to their relevant barcode numbers.

Commenting on the publication of the new standard Michael Healy, editorial director of Nielsen BookData and chairman of the ISO group that revised the ISBN, said: 'Many publishers, booksellers, distributors, and librarians in the UK are well advanced in their preparations for the new ISBN and for January 2007, but for those that are not I hope news of the publication will be a wake-up call. Preparations in other countries such as the US also seem to be going well, but the ISBN is used in more than 200 countries and there's still a great deal to do to implement all of this on time.'

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Survey considers threat to the UK's digital heritage

The Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) has launched a 'state of the nation' survey to discover how much of the digital material held in the UK's public and private sectors is at risk of loss or degradation.

The software services company Tessella will carry out the UK Digital Preservation Needs Assessment. The company will look at archive practice in government bodies, archives, museums, libraries, education, scientific research organisations, pharmaceutical, environmental, nuclear, engineering, publishing and financial institutions.

'We have cared for our physical collections for generations but we need to ensure that our digital material remains as relevant and as accessible for the researcher of the future,' said Lynne Brindley, chair of the DPC and chief executive of the British Library. 'This survey is vitally important to help us identify not only what is being created in digital format, and how it is being preserved, but also what items are potentially vulnerable or at risk. It will ultimately allow us to develop a national strategy.'

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Effective libraries are 'vital to making poverty history'

Effective library and information services are vital in every country if the Make Poverty History campaign is to succeed, according to delegates at the Umbrella conference held in the UK in July. Delegates unanimously backed a resolution declaring their support for the campaign and calling on the UK government to recognise and promote the essential role that library and information services would play.

'Managing a country's knowledge is no different from managing its other assets such as agriculture or transport,' commented Debby Shorley, president of Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP). 'It needs properly-qualified, professional and paraprofessional specialists, and expert technical support, if it is to succeed.'

Sending out a strong message both to the recent G8 Summit and to the forthcoming World Summit on the Information Society, conference participants made clear that the developed world would be failing poor countries unless it took seriously their need to develop their own strong knowledge economies.

'Investment in telecommunications is not enough on its own, and the World Wide Web provides only a fraction of the detailed and complex scientific, technological and economic data that countries will need if they are to pull themselves out of poverty,' Shorley continued. 'If governments are serious about empowering countries to eradicate poverty, they must recognise the need for library and information services that are as effective as those we in the developed world take for granted.'

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Publishers get high-speed link to China

Atypon Systems has now established high-speed connectivity for publisher customers who license content to institutions in China. Through an agreement with CERNET, the China Education and Research Network, Atypon can now provide publishers with a broadband avenue directly into the academic community in China. This will enable publishers using Atypon's Literatum e-publishing solution to reliably distribute their online journals, books, and other content to libraries within China.

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AIP to distribute ECS journals

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) and The Electrochemical Society (ECS) have announced an agreement for AIP's Circulation & Fulfillment Division to provide fulfilment and customer service for the print editions of three ECS publications: Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters (ESL); Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES); and the ECS members magazine, Interface. AIP will track and maintain ECS subscribers; issue renewal invoices and process payments; distribute and fulfil print and online subscriptions; provide customised consortia processing; and provide reporting, statistics and marketing tracking.

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Fayetteville wins Library of the Year award

The Fayetteville Public Library in the US has won the 2005 Thomson Gale/Library Journal Library of the Year award. Library usage has rocketed in the past seven years, with library visits tripling and checkouts increasing by more than 2.5 times. Among the library's success stories is a programme where more than 160 regular volunteers contributed more than 14,500 hours in 2004. The volunteers delivered books to the homebound, converted 190,000 items to RFID, shelved and covered books, put on programmes, and staffed the computer laboratory. This donated time equates to seven additional full-time employees.

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Wiley to digitise its journals content

Wiley has launched a programme to digitise back issues of all its journal holdings, dating back to the 1800s, on Wiley InterScience, its online publishing platform. The project will continue through 2005 and 2006, and is scheduled for completion in 2007, in conjunction with Wiley's 200th anniversary. The completed backfile collection will span two centuries of scientific research and comprise more than 7.5 million pages. This is expected to be one of the largest archives of its kind issued by a single publisher.

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CABI will publish Animal Science on behalf of BSAS

From 2006, CABI Publishing will publish Animal Science on behalf of the British Society of Animal Science (BSAS). Animal Science is the official journal of the society and one of the leading journals in the field of animal science, publishing both fundamental and applied research. The journal publishes original research at molecular, cellular, organ and system levels as well, as research involving whole animals, production systems and mathematical modelling.

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Ovid wins IBSS contract

Ovid Technologies has won the contract to be the exclusive provider of the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS) to the UK higher education and further education community. The UK user community will continue to benefit from access to IBSS free of charge, as a result of funding by the country's Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC).

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Recent pricing studies illustrate the value of society publishing

Two studies have confirmed that IEEE journals, magazines and periodicals are less than half the price of competitive publications. The annual Periodical Price Survey averaged the prices of 4,893 titles documented in three Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) databases. Based solely on price, the survey reveals that the average cost of an engineering journal in 2005 is $1,683, and the average cost of a maths and computer science journal is $1,262. Using the same calculation method, the average price of an individual IEEE journal is just $549.

In addition, the 2005 edition of the annual IEEE Journal Pricing Study finds that based on a statistically average 500-page journal, commercial scientific publishers charge an average of $896 per journal, compared to an average price of $387 for IEEE journals.

'According to this study, IEEE publications are 57 per cent less expensive than those of commercial publishers,' reports William O'Connor, IEEE director of marketing operations, whose office conducts the annual IEEE study. 'In addition to total journal price, we also looked at the average price per page,' he added. 'IEEE journals in this study averaged $0.68 per page, while commercially published journals averaged $1.59 per page.'

The IEEE study also found that the average 2005 journal price from other non-profit publishers is $460, and the average price for all commercial and nonprofit scientific journals combined is $695. The Library Journal Periodical Price Survey singled out commercial publisher Elsevier, which has the highest overall median price in each of six subject fields. According to Library Journal, the most expensive journals in 2005 are from Elsevier Science, at an average cost of $1,070.

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Oxford Journals launches open-access initiative

Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press, has announced its latest open-access project, Oxford Open. It will offer an optional author-pays model to authors of accepted papers in a range of Oxford Journals titles. Oxford Journals has also amended its post-prints policy to be compliant with the latest National Institutes of Health (NIH) public access policy.

Oxford Open will give published authors in participating Oxford Journals titles the option to pay for research articles to be freely available online immediately on publication. The open-access charge for each article will be £1,500, or $2,800, with authors being given the option to pay this amount once their manuscript has been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication. Discounted author charges of £800, or $1,500, will be available to authors from institutions that maintain a current online subscription.

In addition, and with immediate effect, authors who publish with Oxford Journals are entitled to upload their accepted manuscript ('post-print') to institutional and centrally organised repositories (including PubMed Central). However they must stipulate that public availability be delayed until 12 months after first online publication in the journal unless the paper is being published within Oxford Open, in which case the post-print may be deposited and made freely available immediately the article is accepted for publication.

'Oxford Open is a logical extension to our current open-access experiments, and will allow us to collect valuable first-hand data on the demand for open access by authors across a broad range of subjects,' said Martin Richardson, managing director of Oxford Journals. 'It also offers research funders a choice as to how quickly they wish the research results they fund to be made freely available online, without undermining the current business models that allow high-quality peer-reviewed journals, still highly-regarded by researchers as the preferred quality 'kite-mark' for their work, to continue to be viable in the long term.'

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Open Access: Correction

The article 'Open Access: The Swedish Hub' in the May/June 2005 issue of Research Information contained an error which we are happy to rectify.

It was not Lotte Jørgensen who discussed the idea of a directory of open-access journals while at the first Nordic Conference on Scholarly Communication in October 2002, but instead Lars Björnshauge, Lund University's director of libraries.

The discussion there came about because he realised that Lund University Library was well placed to take up the challenge of creating such a directory; the idea itself was originally conceived by Open Society Institute board member Istvan Rev.

The DOAJ was launched in May 2003 but Lotte Jørgensen did not become involved with the project until January 2004.

The online version of this article has been updated to reflect a more accurate description of events.

We apologise to those involved for this misrepresentation and we thank Lotte Jørgensen for kindly informing us of the error.

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Taylor & Francis buys IOPP's book business

Taylor & Francis Group has bought the books publishing programme of the Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), the publishing arm of the UK's Institute of Physics (IOP). Taylor & Francis has assumed all editorial, sales, marketing, customer service, and warehousing responsibilities for the IOPP's list of almost 600 titles. Taylor & Francis is also now handling all IOPP order processing. The books will move into the Taylor & Francis UK and US warehouses shortly. Returns will be handled by IOPP until 31 October.

Taylor & Francis plans to recruit a new editor, to be based in its London office, who will assume responsibility for existing authors and further development of the publication list. While books currently in print and under contract will continue to be published under the IOP imprint, all new titles will carry the Taylor & Francis imprint.

Chief executive of the IOP, Dr Robert Kirby-Harris, said, 'The Institute is dedicated to the advancement and dissemination of knowledge and education in pure and applied physics. Taylor & Francis has a distinguished tradition of publishing excellence in physics that dates back to its founding in 1798; we believe that they will take forward and develop this extensive list of titles for the benefit of the physics community.'

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IFLA elects new president and board

The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) has elected a new governing board and president. Claudia Lux, director general of the Zentral- und Landesbibliothek, Berlin, Germany won the IFLA presidential election with a large majority. She will succeed Alex Byrne as president in August 2007 for a two-year term.

Lux said: 'Libraries worldwide work to support education and research, to preserve our cultural heritage and to offer equal access to information. Libraries need more financial support for these tasks, but at the same time they need to strengthen their position in society and to cooperate on a world-wide scheme. I am dedicated to work for this goal.'

Bob McKee, chief executive of the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) has been elected to the Governing Board of the IFLA. Other governing board members are: Barbara J. Ford (US); Shawky Salem (Egypt) (2nd term); Zhang Xiaolin (China); Gunnar Sahlin (Sweden); Réjean Savard (Canada); Sang-Wan Han (Republic of Korea); Adolfo Rodríguez Gallardo (Mexico); Vinyet Panyella (Spain) (2nd term); and Tiiu Valm (Estonia) (2nd term).

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US loses dominant share of world science publications

Over the last two decades, the US has seen its share of world output of scientific papers steadily decrease, while the collective shares of nations in the European Union (EU) and the Asia Pacific region have increased. This observation comes from a recent study published in Science Watch, the bimonthly newsletter of Thomson Scientific.

The study was conducted using citation data from the more than 8,700 high-impact journals archived in the National Science Indicators database.

In the mid-1990s, the US's declining share of world science output was intersected by that of the ascending European Union. Today, the EU exceeds the US's share by almost 5 per cent. The Asia Pacific region enjoys the most dramatic increase in share percentage, up by approximately 12 per cent. If current trends continue, the Asia Pacific region will be likely to outstrip the US by 2011.

Although the US's share of world science has lessened, the number of articles it publishes is still increasing. In fact, the US published nearly 50 per cent more papers in 2004 than it did in 1981, the first year of available data, while the world total of papers increased by 56 per cent.

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British Library and JISC agree to work more closely together

The British Library's and JISC (the UK's Joint Information Systems Committee) have signed a memorandum of understanding committing both partners to what they describe as a wide range of innovative development projects.

The agreement builds on the activities currently being developed and implemented by the British Library and JISC. In addition to the digitisation of newspapers and sound recordings, the agreement formalises existing partnership arrangements and currently covers some 16 different projects and services.

Examples include: an e-theses pilot service to investigate mass digitisation of current holdings of theses in the British Library and UK universities; collaborative work in the area of digital preservation and digital repositories; and the provision and development of a range of national resource discovery tools, such as SUNCAT, COPAC and Zetoc.

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Science and medical journals join Blackwell's open-access service

Blackwell Publishing has announced the names of 30 journals that will participate in its Online Open service. Online Open is a new service that offers authors the opportunity to make their articles freely available to all internet users upon payment of a publication fee.

The new Online Open service will be on trial until the end of 2006. During this period, authors of accepted articles in these journals will have the option to pay a fee of US$2,500 or £1,250 (plus VAT where applicable) to make their articles freely accessible via the online journals platform Blackwell Synergy. Online Open articles will be published to the same standards as subscription-based articles, including having the full peer-review process.

The British Pharmacological Society is one of the society publishers involved. Its chairman, Jeff Aronson, explained: 'At the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology we recognise that there are different views about the potential merits and demerits of different models of open-access publishing. We have therefore decided to give our authors a choice between two different publishing models, in the hope that by catering for different needs we shall improve the dissemination of scientific results in our discipline. We look forward to seeing the results of this experiment, which we believe will be influential in guiding future publishing practices.'

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Chemical databases are always at hand

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) has demonstrated the delivery of chemical information - including structures - via live interaction, to more than 20 different handheld electronic devices including the BlackBerry from Research in Motion.

The demonstration, which took place at the CAS annual conference in Vienna, allowed participants to retrieve hundreds of literature references, as well as molecular structure and related data for specific substances from the CAS CAplus and CAS Registry databases, in real time.

The BlackBerry portable device, through which users can now receive live chemical data

'This capability opens up a new vista of convenient and personalised access to CAS data,' said Bob Massie, president of CAS. 'Information professionals and scientists can retrieve key scientific information from CAS' unparalleled databases at any time and anywhere.'

The technology to bring chemical information, including structure diagrams, to the small-screen, handheld devices resulted from a CAS team effort led by Brian Bergner, CAS vice president of information technology.

'Our goal is to make CAS information available on the platforms and through the tools gaining the most rapid and widespread use,' said Bergner. 'We know the pace of scientific research demands instant access to the best research data, and this advancement will give researchers the ability to log in even when they are away from their desktop workstations.'

CAS says it will make this mobile route to scientific databases, called CAS Mobile, available through its STN and SciFinder services, 'in the near future'. and
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College library clicks on to text alerts

The library at Edge Hill College of Higher Education, UK is developing a text messaging initiative so that it can send messages to students' mobile phones to let them know that reserved items have become available. Edge Hill is working with Innovative Interfaces as a development partner for the project, named the 'Short Messaging Service (SMS) Initiative,' and has opted for Innovative's Millennium library management system to this end.

'This service is paramount for students, particularly as many are working alongside their studies,' said Sue Roberts, head of Edge Hill's Learning Services. 'With this in mind we were keen to become associated with Innovative, which has built a strong reputation on its reliable and flexible software.'

Managing Edge Hill's digital library was also a priority. Innovative's products MetaFind (for federated searching) and WebBridge (for smart linking) will allow the Learning Services department to take a step further towards providing less complicated access to digital resources, while the library's electronic journals team will make use of Innovative's Electronic Resource Management module.
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CERN confirms commitment to open access to results

CERN's LHC accelerator, results from which will be publicly available

CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, has confirmed its commitment to open access to scientific information by endorsing a policy of open access to all of the laboratory's experimental results. Its policy is outlined in the document Continuing CERN action on Open Access.

'This underlines CERN's commitment to sharing the excitement of fundamental research with as wide an audience as possible', said Guido Altarelli, chairman of CERN's Scientific Information Policy Board (SIPB).

CERN has implicitly supported Open Access from its very inception, exemplified by Tim Berners-Lee's invention of the World Wide Web. The latest endorsement follows earlier steps taken by CERN in the direction of Open Access throughout the past 18 months. In November 2003 it published the document An Electronic Publishing Policy for CERN, and it signed the Berlin Declaration in May 2004.

'Authors must continue to have the freedom to publish where they want,' said Altarelli, 'and currently only rather few journals have adopted Open Access with acceptable business models.'

The position of CERN as a leading international research laboratory and its advocacy of Open Access, says the SIPB, could cause this situation to change quickly.
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New CILIP president will ring the changes

Debby Shorley, who takes over the helm of the UK's CILIPThe new president of the UK's Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) has called on the profession to redefine itself and to be prepared to change.

Debby Shorley, University Librarian at the University of Sussex, said: 'I am truly delighted to be taking up this role and look forward to a challenging and rewarding year. 'I see this as an immensely important time for CILIP. As a profession we must learn to look forward... rather than continually rake over the past. We have to redefine ourselves and be prepared to change the way we work if we are to successfully meet the needs of today's users.'

Shorley is currently concerned about insufficient funding for libraries in higher education and wants to see CILIP develop much closer working relationships with bodies such as the Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL) and the Society of Chief Librarians (SCL).

'The way to maximise our impact is to work in partnership both as individuals and at an institutional level,' she said.

Shortly after the investiture of its new president, CILIP announced its strategic plan for the year, which outlines new priorities in ethics, equal opportunities and information literacy.

It also emphasises improved services for members and more powerful advocacy on the behalf of the profession. In the strategy document, CILIP pledges to introduce new arrangements for qualifications and for accreditation of courses, to offer more scope for networking and knowledge sharing and to make better use of technology.

In the meantime, CILIP Consultancy Services has re-branded itself as CCS, a move said to reflect a 'new range of benefits offered by CCS to its clients' which take into account changes to the regulatory and legislative environment and the rapid development of new electronic information products and services.

Members can see the full text of the strategic plan at
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Dutch libraries allow remote digital searching

Public libraries across The Netherlands have introduced a new approach that will enable the Dutch public to search and request books, recorded music and sheet music from national, provincial and regional catalogues, should their request be unavailable at their local library.

The national initiative, led by The Netherlands Public Library Association, employs Fretwell-Downing Informatics (FDI's) VDX resource sharing solution, to bring a shared digital library service to the Dutch public. VDX links together all existing public library management systems for cross-searching, including systems from Bibliomondo, HKA, GEAC, OCLC PICA, Truston and Sisis. It enforces the individual access and loan policies of each public library by working with existing library management circulation systems, using the SIP2 protocol, while managing the inter-library request traffic.

Friso Visser, manager at The Netherlands Public Library Association, said: 'The VDX system provides a stable and versatile solution that can protect the lending policies of individual libraries and, at the same time, facilitate a shift in the culture of resource sharing.' and
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Journal is first in systems biology

The European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) and Nature Publishing Group (NPG) have launched an online journal called Molecular Systems Biology, which is not only claimed to be the first journal dedicated solely to the emerging fields of molecular systems biology and synthetic biology, but also boasts unique technological characteristics.

Molecular Systems Biology supports the submission of data sets in the XML-based formats Systems Biology Mark-Up Language (SBML) and CellML, widely used for representing biological processes and communicating related data. This means that users can import SBML or CellML files and run their own simulations, or use the data in other relevant applications. Molecular Systems Biology will also accept figures with Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), a language for describing two-dimensional graphics and graphical applications in XML.

Molecular Systems Biology is an open-access journal and publication costs will be met, in part, by a publication charge for each accepted article of £1,700 ($3,000). However, this will be waived for authors who can justify that they are unable to bear the costs of publication and for authors from low-income countries.
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SWETS gets Arie Jongejan

Swets Information Services has secured Arie Jongejan as its new CEO. Formerly a senior manager and board member at Elsevier, Jongejan also served as the CEO of Elsevier's Science & Technology Division, where he was responsible for the commercial and technical development of ScienceDirect and Scopus.

'We are extremely pleased to welcome Arie Jongejan as our new CEO. Arie is recognized as one of the driving forces behind Elsevier's successes,' commented Paul de Bruin, the Chairman of Swets' Supervisory Board and Interim CEO.

'After working with a major publisher for over two decades, it is truly exciting for me to explore a new side of this rapidly changing industry. Swets... is well positioned to foster its pivotal role in the world of information exchange,' said Arie Jongejan. 'Electronic media have opened up new markets, bringing innovative products and services to the industry.

'However, what hasn't changed is the need of institutional academic and corporate customers for one-stop-shop services that agents like Swets provide,' he added.
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Biomedical content comes via ISI

The MEDLINE database is now available via the ISI Web of Knowledge from Thomson Scientific. MEDLINE data will be augmented with the capabilities of the ISI Web of Knowledge research platform, to include: citation alerts, which notify users when another author has cited their work; and unique cited reference searching, which allows users to track a work through time and to uncover works with common citations to reveal relationships between them.

MEDLINE, compiled by the US National Library of Medicine and published on the Web by Community of Science, is considered to be the world's most comprehensive source of life sciences and biomedical bibliographic information and contains nearly eleven million records from more than 7,300 different publications.
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Group pioneers electronic access to UK research theses

The UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), the Consortium of Research Libraries in the British Isles (CURL) and the British Library have announced the development of a new national framework for the provision and preservation of academic theses, both printed and electronic.

The project is expected to help researchers in higher education, science and industry tap into the currently under-used resource that comprises around 14,000 theses produced in the UK each year.

The initiative, called 'Electronic Theses Online,' aims to offer full text access via the web to all theses, which will be stored electronically on a central host at the British Library and reached via the British Library's access and delivery infrastructure, currently under development.

It will also offer access to information about other theses held in institutional and consortial repositories in the UK. A single interface will enable cross-searching across both national and institutional thesis databases. Procedures to address aspects of intellectual property rights, royalties and permissions will be integrated into the service.

Funding for this 18-month project has come from the British Library, CURL, JISC and a number of UK higher education institutions. Electronic Theses Online will also pursue an advocacy programme, targeting academics, senior administrators and information professionals, and helping to transform the use of theses in learning, teaching and research., and
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Secret of online journals' success revealed

Much of the value derived from online journals is directly related to a journal's ability to aid the career advancement of the user, according to a new report from BioInformatics LLC, a US market research firm.

'While the future of online journals and their associated business models has sparked much debate among commercial publishers, libraries and scientists, the success of a journal ultimately depends on the value it delivers to its readers,' said Bill Kelly, BioInformatics LLC's president.

The most important factors were prestige (in the form of the journal's impact factor), reputation and subject matter. 'By publicising impact factors and developing the image of the journal, publishers can potentially increase both the number and quality of papers submitted for publication,' noted Kelly.

The report, entitled 'Scientific and Medical Journals on the Web' is based on a 33-question survey of more than 1,900 scientific and medical researchers. It explores reader preferences relating to specific forms of content, search functions and additional information features unique to the online medium. It also measures reader attitudes towards major issues confronting publishers such as open access, pay-per-view and CrossRef, and analyses the results by key market segments and regions. The report is available at
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Europe's own digital library?

As this issue goes to press, reports are emerging of an agreement between European national libraries to make a stand against the deal struck by Google with five major libraries in the US and UK, in which Google agreed to digitise millions of texts and create a world-dominating global library. It appears that 19 of Europe's libraries say they will back a similar European project, mooted by France's President Chirac, to put European literature online and preserve its culture and heritage. Although the report is uncorroborated at the time of writing, a formal statement is expected from France in June.
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Inspec via e-mail

The Americal Institute of Physics has announced the online launch of Scitation Research Alerts - the newest addition to its MyScitation features and personalisation tools. Individual alerts are drawn from the Inspec Database. The alerts will provide weekly emails containing the abstract of every article published within selected fields of research in the thousands of scientific and technical journals indexed by Inspec, from the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE).
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New collection from Wiley

John Wiley & Sons has launched the Analytical Sciences Backfile Collection, the latest addition to its suite of digitised journal libraries.

Available via Wiley InterScience, this collection spans 29 years (1968-1998) and contains digitised back-issue content across 13 journal titles. Subscribers now have access to more than 24,000 research articles and more than 180,000 digitised pages of new analytical sciences content.

All journal articles are presented in a searchable PDF format, with abstracts, bibliographic content and literature citations available in HTML, allowing for internal linking to cited content on Wiley InterScience and external linking via CrossRef/DOI, PubMed, ISI Web of Science, and CAS.
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COUNTER code extends to books

The draft of Release 1 of the new COUNTER Code of Practice for online books and reference works, which is COUNTER's first expansion beyond journals and databases, is now available for comment and can be accessed on the COUNTER website.

The Code of Practice for online books and reference works has been developed with input from a task force of librarians and publishers with expert knowledge of these products. It is said to be the first attempt to introduce a comprehensive industry standard for the recording and reporting of online book usage data.

The draft Code of Practice will be available for comment until December 2005. The final version of this Code of Practice will be published in early 2006.

The COUNTER Code of Practice for online books and reference works specifies how vendors can achieve COUNTER compliance for these products. It includes a set of five basic usage reports that cover full-text requests for a whole title, as well as for sections (eg. chapters, encyclopaedia entries) within a title. Searches, sessions and turnaways are also covered. In addition, a comprehensive set of definitions of terms relevant to books and reference works is included.

The format and structure of the new Code of Practice are said to be consistent with the existing COUNTER version for journals and databases, the first release of which was published in January 2003. Only the content of the usage reports has been changed and the set of definitions of terms expanded. The specifications for report delivery, data processing, auditing, and compliance are identical to those already prescribed in the Code of Practice for journals and databases.

The COUNTER (Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources) project is developing a set of internationally accepted, extendible Codes of Practice that will allow the usage of online information products and services to be measured more consistently.
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Partnership helps grow libraries in developing countries

Elsevier has teamed up with UK-based group Book Aid International and the US-based Sabre Foundation to help distribute books in developing countries.

Both Book Aid International and the Sabre Foundation have strong local alliances in many developing countries. They distribute books, journals and other materials to libraries, hospitals, refugee camps and schools, without disrupting the sales of local booksellers in the recipient countries.

'Sabre receives a growing number of requests from overseas each year for scientific, technical and medical books. The new partnership with Elsevier will be enormously helpful in allowing us to meet those requests more fully with up-to-date, high quality titles,' said Colin McCullough, book programme manager of Sabre.

Activities already under way include: Bring a Book to Work Week, where Elsevier employees make individual book donations, in subject areas such as adult fiction and reference books; a recent grant by Reed Elsevier to purchase books for refugee children in Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia; and a new company policy where all unsaleable returns of paperback books to Elsevier's UK warehouse will be distributed in recipient countries.
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UK universities get free access to physics archive

The Institute of Physics (IoP)'s digital journal archive up to 1998 will be permanently accessible to higher and further education institutions in the UK free of charge. This is thanks to a special agreement between the learned society publisher and the UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and will save libraries at UK universities £30,000 each.

In 2002 the Institute of Physics comprehensively digitised its historic journal archive back to 1874. The archive includes over 110,000 articles and over 1.5 million pages of physics research, including some of the most important breakthroughs in physics.

Liam Earney, collections manager at JISC, commented: 'This is an important national agreement for the higher education community. It means that universities can get free access to valuable research covering many of the key developments in physics from the last 130 years.'
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CSA adds geoscience information

CSA and GeoScienceWorld (GSW) have teamed up to offer the GSW Millennium Collection and the GSW Literature Archives.

These collections offer a comprehensive internet-based resource for research and communications in the geosciences, built on a core database aggregation of peer-reviewed journals. The journals will be delivered through HighWire Press's internet platform. From one to five years of backfiles will be available for journals in the GSW Millennium Collection. Complete, uninterrupted backfiles will be available for journals in the GSW Literature Archives.

GSW was developed to deliver online the aggregated journal content of both its founding organisations (six leading earth science societies and one institute) and many other not-for-profit and independent geoscience publishers.
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Google Print 'could bias towards English language'

The president of the National Library of France has warned of the dangers of the Google Print project. In a recent article in the French newspaper Le Monde, Jean-Christmas Jeanneney is reported to have said that by concentrating on making overwhelmingly English-language books available through the Google Print project, the internet's culture would be skewed towards an Anglo-Saxon cultural view of the world.

He applauded the vision of the programme in scanning and making available some 15 million works in five of the great libraries of the world, especially in its potential for making the material accessible to 'poor countries' and 'underprivileged populations'. However, he expressed concern that the vast majority of the works to be digitised are in English.
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CABI takes advice in China

CABI Publishing has formed a Library Advisory Board in China. The aim is to help the strategic development of the company's programme in China.

'China is of strategic importance to CABI, being its largest member country and an emerging market for our services,' commented Elizabeth Dodsworth, director of information for development at CABI Publishing. 'To meet the information needs of our Chinese users better, we recognised a need for the advice of a distinguished group of professionals with a variety of experiences in this exciting market. We are looking forward to learning more and putting that knowledge to good use.'

The board's activities will include facilitating better communication, consultation and liaison between CABI and its library and information centre customers and raising awareness and understanding of CABI Publishing policies, products, and services. The first meeting will take place in April 2005 in Beijing.

CABI Publishing already has a North American Library Board. A European Library Board is currently being set up.
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NIH requests public access to articles

The US National Institute of Health (NIH) has announced a new policy designed to accelerate the public's access to published articles resulting from NIH-funded research.

The policy, said to be the first of its kind for NIH, calls on scientists to release to the public manuscripts from research supported by NIH as soon as possible, and within 12 months of final publication. These peer-reviewed, NIH-funded research publications will be available in a web-based archive to be managed by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), part of NIH.

From 2 May 2005, NIH-funded scientists are requested to submit an electronic version of the author's final manuscript, upon acceptance for publication, resulting from research supported in whole or in part by NIH. The author's final manuscript is defined as the final version accepted for journal publication, and includes all modifications from the publishing peer review process.

Authors can designate a specific time-frame for public release - ranging from immediate public access after final publication to a 12 month delay - when they submit their manuscripts to NIH. Authors are also strongly encouraged to specify that their articles will be publicly available through PubMed Central as soon as possible.
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EBSCO director wins librarianship award

Dan TonkeryDan Tonkery, director of business development for EBSCO Information Services, has been named the 2005 recipient of the ALCTS/Bowker Ulrich's Serials Librarianship Award.

Presented by the Serials Section of the Association for Library Collections and Technical Services (ALCTS) Division of the American Library Association and sponsored by Bowker, this annual award is given in recognition of distinguished and ongoing serials-related activities through participation in professional associations, groups and/or library education programmes.

'Dan Tonkery won the award due to his multi-faceted accomplishments,' said John Radencich, chair of the Bowker Ulrichs Serials Librarianship Award Committee. 'Over his long and distinguished career he has catalogued, presented at professional conferences, served on committees and in offices for professional library associations, written professional articles, taught, founded businesses and run businesses. He's done practically everything a professional librarian can do - and he's done them all well.'
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Blackwell announces partnerships

The American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) has chosen Blackwell Publishing to publish The Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. Published since 1989, The Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners. is designed to serve the needs of nurse practitioners and other healthcare professionals who have a major interest in primary, acute or long-term healthcare.

'After years of self-publishing, we wanted an experienced publisher who would work with us to further develop the quality of our publication and provide international exposure for the journal and our society, said Judith Dempster, executive director at AANP. 'We have found a true partner in Blackwell.'

Blackwell Publishing already publishes other nursing titles, including the Journal of Nursing Scholarship. on behalf of Sigma Theta Tau International, and the international research publication, the Journal of Advanced Nursing.

The Federation of European Microbiological Societies (FEMS) has also selected Blackwell to publish its five journals: FEMS Microbiology Letters, FEMS Microbiology Reviews, FEMS Microbiology Ecology, FEMS Immunology and Medical Microbiology., and FEMS Yeast Research.. Blackwell will take over publication of the journals from Elsevier in January 2006.
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TEMIS and Lingsoft mine Northern European languages

Text mining software vendor TEMIS has signed an agreement with Lingsoft, a natural language processing specialist, to expand the linguistic coverage of TEMIS's software solutions to support 16 languages. Lingsoft will provide TEMIS with Finnish, Swedish, Norwegian Bokmal and Danish natural language processing software. These multilingual software packages will be integrated within the TEMIS's core technology, XeLDA. Lingsoft will also become a value-added reseller for TEMIS products in the Scandinavian area.

Cyril Chantrier, strategic partners director of TEMIS, said: 'We are delighted to be partnering with a key and recognised actor like Lingsoft. TEMIS continues its commitment to extend its linguistic coverage with a high degree of quality.'
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Irish libraries sign up to TSW database

TheScientificWorld Ltd (TSW) will provide online access to its database of original research articles to all university libraries in Ireland under the Irish Research electronic Libraries (IReL) initiative. IReL, funded by the Higher Education Authority and Science Foundation Ireland, is coordinated by the Conference of Heads of Irish Universities (CHIU) Librarians' Group.

Under the agreement, participating universities receive access to all TSW journal and proceedings articles published in the 2005 and 2006 volumes, as well as to a four-year archive.

The university members of the IReL consortium are Dublin City University; National University of Ireland, Galway; National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare; Trinity College Dublin; University College Cork; University College Dublin; and the University of Limerick.
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User-initiated ILL/DD systems 'give better service'

User-initiated interlibrary loan (ILL) and document delivery (DD) operations provide better service than mediated ILL/DD services, according to a two-year study of 72 North American research, college, and government libraries carried out by Mary E. Jackson of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL). She found that, in most cases, user-initiated services have lower unit costs, higher fill rates, and faster turnaround times than mediated services.

User-initiated services were defined as requests that do not require ILL staff to handle or process them, but are received directly by a potential supplier.

Jackson also found that mediated ILL/DD operations have improved since the 1996 ILL/DD Performance Measures Study undertaken by ARL.

When adjusted for inflation, borrowing and lending unit costs in research libraries have decreased nearly 20 per cent, and borrowing turnaround time has been reduced by 50 per cent.
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President of China's largest STM publisher joins IOS board

Professor Wang Jixiang, the president of Science Press in Beijing, China, has joined the board of directors of Amsterdam-based IOS Press. Professor Wang is a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and also heads the China Science Publishing Group, the publishing arm of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science Press is the largest STM publisher in China and celebrated its 50th anniversary this year. This follows IOS and Science Press' establishment of a joint subsidiary company in Beijing in 1997, in collaboration with Ohmsha of Tokyo, Japan.
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Dialog sponsors new award for information professionals

Dialog will sponsor a new annual award for information professionals that will be given by the Australia/New Zealand chapter of the Special Libraries Association (SLA). The new SLA Australia & New Zealand Information Professional Award will carry a prize of AUD$2,000.00. Full-time information professionals working and living in Australia or New Zealand are eligible to be nominated for the award. The deadline for this first award is 1 May 2005. SLA is a nonprofit global organisation for innovative information professionals and their strategic partners.
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Seven publishers agree to add journal content to MetaPress

Seven publishers have signed agreements to add their journal content to MetaPress. These publishers are the American Counseling Association, the American Mental Health Counseling Association, the Institute of Psychoanalysis, Psycke-Logo Press, EPI S.C.P, the Society for Applied Anthropology and IOS Press.
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National catalogue helps find serials

The UK has launched a national Serials Union Catalogue (SUNCAT) to help identify, locate and access journals and other serials that are held by institutions across the country.

The catalogue has been funded by JISC (Joint Information Systems Committee) and the RSLP (Research Support Libraries Programme) and developed by EDINA at the University of Edinburgh in partnership with Ex Libris. SUNCAT already catalogues some 3.7 million records. These are held at national libraries, the largest UK academic library collections and international databases, such as the ISSN World Serials database and CONSER, the database of MARC21 serials records available from the Library of Congress.

SUNCAT also provides librarians with a means to upgrade local records through access to standardised high-quality records.

The second phase of the programme, which represents an investment of £1m, has now been started. In this phase, coverage of the catalogue will extend to up to 60 new libraries across the UK. This will enable it to extend its scope and develop as a tool and resource for researchers at all levels, and as a mechanism for identifying and locating serials of interest to them across the UK.

SUNCAT will also be developed to integrate fully into the emerging national information environment, supporting and contributing to work in the areas of e-theses, repositories, electronic subscription information, online access to journals and electronic document delivery, amongst others.

'SUNCAT will fill a major gap in national provision and bring real benefits to a wide range of users,' said Reg Carr, director of Oxford University Library Services and Bodley's librarian, and chair of JISC's Integrated Information Environment committee.
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South Carolina libraries invest in resource-sharing

Libraries at eight US institutions will be migrating to Innovative's library management system, Millennium. The libraries are part of the Partnership Among South Carolina Academic Libraries (PASCAL) and are based at Clemson University and the University of South Carolina and its regional campuses. The consortium is also installing INN-Reach, Innovative's patron-initiated resource sharing system, as a move toward universal borrowing among academic institutions throughout the state.

The eight new systems are migrating from two previously incumbent vendors, Notis/Dynix and Sirsi. The addition of these eight institutions means that 30 of PASCAL's 56 members now use Millennium. INN-Reach can also link non-Millennium libraries to PASCAL's portal, so will enable the other academic libraries that use non-Innovative library management systems to be incorporated.

'Students and faculty can rely on INN-Reach for ubiquitous access to every PASCAL library regardless of their location, institutional affiliation, or library management system their campus uses,' said executive director of PASCAL Rick Moul. Until now, there has not been a union catalogue or other effective resource sharing arrangement among South Carolina's academic libraries.
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Database helps library designers

A new pilot website gives local authorities, planners, architects, interior designers and library specialists an insight into the best new, extended and refurbished public library buildings, thanks to funding from the UK's Museums, Libraries and Archives Council.

The Designing Libraries website, created by a team at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth, allows users to search by authority, county, size and type of library and by project, such as whether it is a conversion, extension or new build. The aim is for all the entries to be illustrated, with details of the cost, where the funding came from, and the name of the architects responsible for the work. There are already 32 library projects listed on the site but the database is now being expanded to include good examples of library design, both UK and overseas, from 1995 to the present.

'This will be a vital resource for anyone involved in the planning, construction or use of public library buildings,' said Debby Shorley, chair of the Designing Libraries Steering Group and president elect of The Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP).
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Bibliotheca RFID receives Swiss Technology Award

Bibliotheca RFID Library Systems has won a 2005 Swiss Technology Award for the development of its BiblioChip RFID Library System. The German company was one of 16 projects to be chosen for this award, which is given by an alliance of leading Swiss institutions in research, technology and business development. The criteria for selection were technical excellence, customer benefit and marketability.
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Management buyout saves ASLIB

The assets and intellectual property of ASLIB, The Association for Information Management, have been bought by the organisation's former chief executive, Roger Bowes. Although it is now owned by a new company, Global Information Management Services, the organisation will continue to be called ASLIB. Bowes holds the post of managing director. Bowes commented: 'My intention was always to ensure that ASLIB and its unique contribution to information management is sustained and flourishes and that its staff, including myself, can continue in employment.'
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LibraPharm acquires TheScientificWorld

UK-based publisher LibraPharm has acquired the TheScientificWorld publications from Infotrieve. TheScientificWorld Ltd. (TSW), a new, wholly owned subsidiary of LibraPharm, will relaunch and develop the range of innovative scientific and medical publications from its base in Newbury, UK, and through its editorial office in New York, USA. The TSW publications will be deployed using a proprietary technology platform, underpinned by advanced content management systems.
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Open-access model expands to books

Google is working with the libraries of Harvard, Stanford, the University of Michigan, and The New York Public Library in the US and the University of Oxford in the UK to digitally scan their books so that users worldwide can search them in Google.

This announcement with libraries is an expansion of the Google Print programme, which assists publishers in making books and other offline information searchable online. 'Google's mission is to organise the world's information, and we are excited to be working with libraries to help make this mission a reality,' said Larry Page, Google's co-founder.

'The Bodleian's 19th century collections, which include many out-of-print titles that otherwise would be incredibly hard to find, will be scanned as part of the Google Print programme. We hope that Oxford's contribution to this project will be of scholarly use, as well as general interest, to people around the world,' added Reg Carr, director of Oxford University Library Services.

Google's library programme will make it possible to search across library collections including out-of-print books and titles that were not previously available anywhere but on a library shelf.

Meanwhile, in a rival initiative, libraries in the US, Canada, Egypt, China and India have agreed to put digitised versions of their books into the San Francisco-based Internet Archive.

The Internet Archive's Open-Access Text Archive already houses over 27,000 books in dozens of languages and an additional 50,000 are expected to be added in the first quarter of 2005. The agreements will bring the total number of books to more than a million.

According to the Internet Archive, researchers, scholars, and the general public will be able to search through catalogues, reading and annotating the books, and sharing pieces with colleagues. The public domain or appropriately licensed books can be viewed on-screen, searched, and printed for free using PDF and DJVU.

The libraries involved include Carnegie Mellon University and the Library of Congress American Memory Project in the USA; Canada's University of Toronto, McMaster University and University of Ottawa; Bibliotheca Alexandrina in Egypt; the Indian Institute of Science and International Institute of Information Technology in India; and China's Zhejiang University.
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Wiley acquires reference works from NPG

Wiley has bought the reference portfolio of Nature Publishing Group (NPG). The acquisition brings to Wiley three major reference works, including the Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, an online and 20-volume print resource for life scientists.

'The acquisition of NPG's reference works forms part of our strategy to build quality reference content in electronic and print forms alongside our primary journal content,' said Dr John Jarvis, senior vice-president for Wiley Europe.
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England's health library gets single search environment

The UK's National Library for Health has launched a single search environment that will integrate the national and local information resources of 500 National Health Service libraries across England.

The search engine, based on Fretwell-Downing Informatics's ZPORTAL product, offers users a choice of standard (keyword) or advanced searching (using Boolean terms). It searches websites, grey literature, physical resources and full text journals.

The National Library for Health also offers RSS feeds from the National Institute for Clinical Excellence and DrugInfoZone. A new clinical question and answer service (the Primary Care Question Answering Service) is also currently being trialled.

n Eduserv Athens's access and identity management system is being used to manage access to protected e-resources available through the UK's new National Library for Health. When users visit the national online library they will only need to enter their Athens username and password once. Athens then authorises the correct access to each subscribed resource which can then be cross-searched for required information.
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ALPSP and Swets win best STM information product prize

Janice LaChance, SLA's executive director (left), Yvonne Campfens, deputy director of Swets (centre) and celebrity compere Loyd Grossman (right) celebrate the best STM information product award.

The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) and Swets have won a prize for the best STM information product in 2004.

The ALPSP Learned Journals Collection (ALJC) received the award at the 2004 International Information Industry Awards, which were held alongside the Online Information 2004 show. The ALJC is an online collection of 433 journals from 44 different publishers. Packaging these journals together with a single umbrella licence, pricing model and delivery platform is said to enable small and medium-sized publishers to sell to consortia and other library customers that might otherwise overlook them.

Swets's role is to coordinate the complex licensing and legal structure and to serve as a worldwide sales, marketing and access channel for the collection. Sally Morris, chief executive of ALPSP, said, 'This award recognises both an innovative collaboration between smaller publishers and a new kind of relationship between publishers and subscription agents.'
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ASLIB goes into liquidation

The Association for Information Management (ASLIB) has gone into liquidation. The organisation, which was registered as a UK charity in 1924, currently has 10 full-time staff based in London, and around 775 members worldwide. These members include the Bank of England, the Bodleian Library, Washington State University Library, AstraZeneca, Clifford Chance, the Department of Health, the European Commission, the British Council, the BBC and the British Medical Association.

Chris Herron, liquidator at corporate rescue company Begbies Traynor, said that ASLIB's liquidation is as a result of financial difficulties and that a commercial owner is being sought.
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AIP tries out open-access publishing

The American Institute of Physics (AIP) is offering an open-access option to authors contributing to three of its journals. This initiative is initially on a trial basis and covers the Journal of Mathematical Physics, Review of Scientific Instruments, and Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science.

According to AIP, these titles were chosen because they are important, high-impact journals that impose no page charges (other than a standard AIP charge for articles of excessive length). 'This gives us a cleaner slate on which to judge whether the open-access model of up-front payment can provide suitable financial support for publishing in the physical sciences,' said AIP's publisher, Dr Thomas von Foerster.

Authors to these journals can now opt to pay a $2,000 fee prior to publication. Editors and referees will not be aware of whether an author has selected the open-access option. If the articles are accepted then they will be made freely available to anyone on the web.

This will have no effect on 2005 subscription rates but AIP plans to reduce future online subscription prices in proportion to the percentage of open-access articles published.
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Science and Nature top journals rankings

The latest Essential Science Indicators from Thomson Scientific rank the journals Nature and Science as the highest-impact scientific journals in 11 broad areas of science.

Science is the leader in molecular biology and genetics; physics; biology and biochemistry; space science; plant and animal sciences; and immunology. Nature takes first place in clinical medicine; pharmacology and toxicology; microbiology; chemistry; and neuroscience and behaviour.
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Limited access to full-text 'frustrating'

Almost 80 per cent of researchers find limited access to full-text articles the most annoying aspect of online literature searches. This was revealed by The Science Advisory Board, which asked 1,400 members: 'What makes searching scientific and medical literature online frustrating?' Other complaints included broken links, copyright restrictions and inadequate search engines.
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FIZ Karlsruhe and FIZ CHEMIE Berlin strengthen co-operation

German science information providers FIZ Karlsruhe and FIZ CHEMIE Berlin are increasing their co-operation, following the letter of intent that they signed in summer 2004.

The co-operation will be increased in areas such as marketing when the same target groups are being addressed. They are also developing products and services together such as e-learning portals. However, both institutions will run their core services independently.

Sabine Brünger-Weilandt, managing director of FIZ Karlsruhe, and Prof Dr René Deplanque, managing director of FIZ Chemie Berlin.
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Oxford Journals gets funds for open-access

UK funding body JISC has given Oxford Journals a £60,000 grant to fund continued experimentation with open access. The funding will help Nucleic Acids Research to move to an open-access publishing model by allowing article charges to be waived or discounted.

It will also provide continued support to the Journal of Experimental Botany. This journal plans to keep 2005 subscription prices at the same level as in 2004, waive open-access fees for all UK authors in 2005 and support the introduction of free subscriptions for all UK institutions in 2006.
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Thomson completes Information Holdings acquisition

Thomson has completed its purchase of Information Holdings. Holders of IHI common stock will receive $28.00 in cash for each share of IHI stock. 'We are very pleased to welcome IHI to Thomson,' said Robert Cullen, president and CEO of Thomson Scientific and Healthcare.

'Together we are positioned to offer our pharmaceutical and life science customers a significantly broader range of intellectual property and drug development workflow solutions.'
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Oxford Journals takes on heart journal

Oxford Journals, part of Oxford University Press, will publish the European Heart Journal (EHJ) from the start of 2005.

This journal, which is owned by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), is said to play a major role in facilitating the dissemination of top scientific results to ESC's members and beyond. The publishing partnership is expected to result in a new and cohesive online platform for EHJ (being developed in association with HighWire Press), new author and membership benefits, and greater accessibility to journal content.
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New website gives patients access to medical research

Publishers and US voluntary health organisations have teamed up to provide medical research information to the public.

Scheduled for pilot launch in spring 2005, patientINFORM ( will provide patients and their caregivers with free access to up-to-date, reliable research about specific diseases, initially cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. The information will be integrated into materials created for patients by the participating health organisations and will link to free full-text research articles and additional selected material on journal websites.

This initiative is being driven by recent indications that many patients go online to find the latest information about treatment options but often find it difficult to fully understand, evaluate and make sound decisions based on their research.

Participating publishers, of which there are already more than 20, will provide the voluntary health organisations with increased online access to their peer-reviewed biomedical journals immediately upon publication. Content from back issues of scholarly journals will also be available to the groups. Later phases of patientINFORM will cover a wider range of medical conditions and publishers.
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ACS sues Google over Scholar trademark

The American Chemical Society (ACS) has filed a complaint against Google over its use of the word 'Scholar' in the new science research service, Google Scholar. According to ACS, Google's use of the word infringes on the trademarks of ACS's SciFinder Scholar desktop computer research service, which was launched several years ago and is used by nearly a thousand academic institutions around the world. 'The field of scientific research and related services is, of course, open to all. But when someone uses a trademark similar to ours, we have no choice but to take action to protect the goodwill that we have built over the years, and prevent the likelihood of confusion in the marketplace,' said Flint Lewis, who is the secretary and general counsel of the ACS.
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NPG encourages self-archiving

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) has extended its self-archiving policy to allow authors to submit accepted, peer-reviewed manuscripts to their funding body's archives and to institutional repositories, for release six months after publication. Previously they could only post these versions on their personal websites. This decision relates to the versions of articles that have been peer reviewed but have not received further edits. The final published versions are only available through NPG. According to David Hoole of NPG, the change in archiving policy has partly been driven by the National Institute of Health in the US's policy and by the enquiry of the UK government's select committee, both of which strongly favoured self-archiving.
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Scopus picks up 50 customers in first six weeks

The Andalucia Consortium (CBUA - Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de Andalucia), which consists of nine universities in Spain, has become the first consortium to sign up to Elsevier's Scopus database. Jaco Zijlstra, director of Scopus, added that 'securing our 50th licence within six weeks of the November launch is a major milestone and undoubtedly demonstrates that Scopus is being adopted at a very high pace.'
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Digital data preservation centre gathers momentum |Dec|

The UK has launched its Digital Curation Centre (DCC), an initiative which will help to preserve research data from being lost as data storage systems become obsolete or databases are updated.

The aim of the new centre is to raise awareness and provide practical tools and support to digital curators in research units, archives, libraries and computing centres. It will bring together expertise from different professions and disciplines, and establish how to decide which material should be kept. It will also communicate with present and future users of the data and tackle problems such as how to preserve data in a database that is constantly being updated.

The DCC receives an annual budget of more than £1 million per year from several UK higher education funding bodies and is run by the University of Edinburgh (lead partner); the University of Glasgow; UKOLN, which is based at the University of Bath; and the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils.

In another boost to data preservation in the UK, the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) is awarding more than £1million in grants to nine UK educational institutions and their partners to support digital preservation and asset management in the UK's higher and further education institutions.

Part of this programme will be focused on preservation services for institutional repositories. Work on assessment tools, training initiatives, and a range of other projects such as the preservation of private papers in digital form will also receive funding.
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Blackwell buys food science firm |Dec|

Blackwell Publishing has acquired US-based Food and Nutrition Press. The acquisition adds 11 journal titles and over 50 books to Blackwell's food science list. The purchase means that, in addition to print copies, the journals will soon be available in electronic versions via Blackwell Synergy.

Blackwell will now publish Foodservice Research International, Journal of Food Biochemistry, Journal of Food Lipids, Journal of Food Process Engineering, Journal of Food Processing and Preservation, Journal of Food Quality, Journal of Food Safety, Journal of Muscle Foods, Journal of Rapid Methods and Automation in Microbiology, Journal of Sensory Studies, and Journal of Texture Studies.

'After 28 years as a small publishing company, we are pleased to join a progressive company like Blackwell Publishing, which is an international leader in scientific book and journal publishing,' said John O'Neil, Food and Nutrition Press's publisher.

'The company's reputation of excellent service and quality products makes Blackwell an ideal publisher for our editors, authors, subscribers, and associates.'
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Questel*Orbit takes stake in Lingway |Dec|

Questel*Orbit has acquired 12.5 per cent of Lingway's capital. Lingway, based in Paris, France, specialises in the design, development and implementation of linguistic-based software solutions. Its technology consists of a natural language search engine, categorisation of coding tools, software for generating an XML structure from textual documents, as well as information extraction and document visualisation functions.

Questel*Orbit and Lingway have been partnering for the last year in creating the soon-to-be-released PatReader product, a tool to improve full-text patent reading efficiency.

'This investment will give us leading-edge linguistic technology,' commented Charles Besson, Questel*Orbit's CEO. 'Our customers have confirmed that the increasing amount of patent information can be overwhelming and these new technologies can help them become more productive and keep their companies competitive.'

'We are excited in having Questel*Orbit invest in our company and give us the opportunity to full realise the value of our linguistic technology' added Bernard Normier, Lingway's chairman and CEO, 'and we look forward to working with them on new engineering projects.'
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Genome data 'must be open-access' |Dec|

Data relating to the DNA make-up of humans and other organisms should remain freely available to everybody, according to a US National Academies of Sciences panel.

Today, tens of millions of gene sequences from more than 130,000 species are available on the internet and these include the genome data for more than 100 pathogenic organisms, including those that cause anthrax and smallpox. Fear of this information assisting in bioterrorism had led some groups to question whether the data should be more tightly controlled.

But 'open access is essential if we are to maintain the progress needed to stay ahead of those who would attempt to cause harm,' as Stanley Falkow, chair of the committee that wrote the report and a professor at Stanford University, California, explained.

The panel concluded that it would be difficult to decide which data to restrict. Bioweapons researchers could derive considerable information from apparently harmless genome information, or from sequences in the human genome that dictate the responses of the immune system. On the other hand, the panel also found that, even with the complete gene sequence of a deadly pathogen, the creation of a robust biological weapon would still be a major challenge.

The panel also looked at attempts to restrict access to other resources on the internet, especially by the music and film industries, and predicted that it would be very difficult to prevent those determined to obtain a particular gene sequence from getting it. Instead, the experts concluded, it would simply hamper legitimate research. And that legitimate research offers tremendous benefits, the panel believes. For example, within six weeks of the World Health Organization issuing an alert about the risks of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) the genome of the pathogen responsible had been sequenced and posted on the internet for researchers around the world to study.
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Single search environment connects UK's medical resources |Dec|

The UK's National Health Service (NHS) has launched the first phase of a single search environment that will integrate the national and local information resources of NHS library services. Further developments will be available from April 2005.

More than 500 NHS libraries will use the single search environment to deliver information to more than 680,000 clinicians and managers. Clinicians will use one national website to search resources such as BMJ's Clinical Evidence, The Cochrane Library, Proquest full-text journals, and bibliographic databases from Dialog and EBSCO. The single search environment will be powered by Fretwell-Downing Informatics (FDI)'s ZPORTAL solution, which will integrate NHS resources alongside published data and deliver the resource search engine.
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Teams compete to design electronic archive in US |Dec|

The United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has selected teams led by Lockheed Martin and Harris Corporation to come up with designs for a permanent archives system to preserve and manage electronic records created by the US Federal government.

The aim of the Electronic Records Archives (ERA) is to help enable the successful move to government-wide electronic records management. The two design contracts are together valued at $20.1m. The teams will develop prototype systems that will be tested by the US departments of defence and energy, as well as the US Army surgeon general and other agencies.

After a one-year design competition, the National Archives will select one of these teams to build the Electronic Records Archives (ERA). The system selected will capture electronic information, regardless of its format, save it permanently, and ensure that it will be accessible on whatever hardware or software is used in the future. The contract is potentially worth hundreds of millions of dollars over its lifetime. The first increment of the system is scheduled to be operational in 2007, with four additional increments to follow.

In announcing the two choices, John W. Carlin, the archivist of the US, said, 'ERA will make electronic information available virtually anytime, anywhere. We are not just talking about the information contained in government records. We will start with government records, but there is no end to where ERA can take us.'

The Lockheed Martin team includes Tessella Inc., BearingPoint Inc., EDS Corp., Fenestra Technologies Corp., History Associates Inc., Science Applications International Corp., Filetek, Metier, and BNF Technology. The Harris team includes Booz, Allen and Hamilton, CACI International, and Information Manufacturing Corporation.
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Access Innovations: automatic indexing system patent is 'significant' |Dec|

Access Innovations has been issued a US patent for its machine aided indexer (MAI) software technology. MAI Lib automates the process of adding Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) to documents stored in electronic databases and archives, which enhances the accuracy of searching for articles, reports and other materials.

'We believe our MAI Lib system is a significant step in the field of information management,' said Marjorie M.K. Hlava, Access Innovations' chairman. 'We are giving managers of electronic information resources the ability to combine the precoordinate system of cataloguing done by libraries with the indexing systems used in the electronic information arena.'

Machine-aided indexing automates the indexing and categorisation of text in documents housed in electronic databases. The MAI Lib tool extracts words or phrases from text on the basis of programmatic rules, such as algorithms of the 'if . then' variety. The rules are automatically generated through the software and can be expanded and fine-tuned by an editor in a corporate library or at a research centre.
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KB adds Oxford Journals' archive |Dec|

Oxford Journals' entire digital archive will be deposited in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (KB), the National Library of the Netherlands. The KB will receive digital copies of all current and digitised back-archive journal issues made available on the Oxford Journals online platform. This platform currently hosts 184 scholarly journals in science and the humanities.

'This is an important agreement for Oxford Journals and our publishing partners,' commented Martin Richardson, managing director of Oxford Journals. 'In addition to continuing to maintain our own repository, it is our responsibility as part of the academic community to ensure that multiple copies of our digital archives are preserved for use by future generations. We are delighted to be collaborating with the KB, which has made a major contribution to the long-term archiving of digital collections.'
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Region-wide knowledge management tool rolls out in UK |Dec|

An information management system has been launched across 38 local authorities in the UK's West Midlands. The new web-based system, known as 'the Knowledge Engine' or 'KEN', will allow 270,000 local government staff across the region to share their knowledge and experiences. This is said to be the first online public sector knowledge-sharing infrastructure of such a scale in Europe.

KEN includes a suite of web-based collaboration tools from Lotus - Sametime and Quickplace - to create virtual meeting places for up to 16,000 people simultaneously. These include structured instant discussion facilities, online whiteboards and document sharing workspaces. Any collaboration within the spaces is automatically minuted for immediate download and can be indexed and archived.

A fully searchable regional knowledge base includes automatic document harvesting and an intelligent regional search engine. Authorities decide which documents they wish to include in KEN and the software retrieves, indexes and archives them automatically.
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Impact of Chinese scientists is growing |Dec|

Chinese researchers are making an impressive mark internationally, according to recent data in Thomson's Science Watch. The work by Chinese authors and co-authors that has been indexed by Web of Science increased from 1,650 in 1981 (0.38 per cent of the Thomson database) to just over 40,000 in 2003 (5.07 per cent of the database). Over the last five years, materials science gave the most significant research output - nearly 15,000 papers were indexed between 1999 and 2003, constituting 10.45 per cent of the field as reflected in the Thomson database. Chinese scientists also accounted for a large share of mathematics (8.72 per cent share) and physics (8.19 per cent).
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Elsevier launches Scopus database |Dec|

Scopus, Elsevier's full text-linking abstract and indexing (A&I) database, has been launched and already has customers. The new database, covering 14,000 scientific titles and 167 million scientific web pages, is said to be delivering the largest collection of abstracts ever collected online in one place. Prior to the launch, development partner universities in Toronto and Nevada signed up to Scopus, as did the University of Newcastle, Australia.
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Blackwell Publishing opens Shanghai office |Dec|

Blackwell Publishing has opened an office in China to support its publishing activities in the region. Local staff based in Shanghai and Beijing will manage relationships with academic institutes, societies, libraries, and pharmaceutical companies, and will further develop Blackwell Publishing's business in China.
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ISCBFM and NPG form publishing partnership |Dec|

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) will publish the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism for the International Society for Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism (ISCBFM) from January 2005.

'ISCBFM is excited to be forming this new partnership with NPG to publish JCBFM. The Society is already seeing the benefits of NPG's critical insights, expertise and enthusiasm,' commented Professor Anthony Strong, chair of the publications committee of ISCBFM. 'We selected NPG as the partner to help us develop JCBFM by harnessing NPG's forward-looking publishing approach, its premier web presence and global marketing reach.'
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Thomson turns patent info around in 30 days |Dec|

Thomson says it has achieved its target of delivering value-added records for all patents from key patenting authorities to Derwent World Patents Index within an average of 30 days from the date the patent is published by the patent-issuing authorities. Thomson claims that these timeliness improvements are being achieved as a result of investment in people, processes and technology.
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More publishers sign up for SwetsWise |Dec|

Swets Information Services has signed more new publishers to SwetsWise Online Content. The new publishers include the Academy of Traumatology, the American School for Classical Studies at Athens, the Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, BC Decker, IAHS Press, Medknow Publications, Palgrave Macmillan and Pharmacotherapy Publications.
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Biologists adopt 'open source' ideas |Dec|

An initiative set up in Australia aims to make research tools more readily available to biologists by publishing them freely on the internet, rather than tying them up in expensive licence agreements. It is following a similar model to the 'open source movement' in the computer software industry.

The Biological Innovation for Open Society (BIOS) has been launched by the Center for the Application for Molecular Biology to International Agriculture (CAMBIA), a non-profit research institute based in Canberra.

According to BIOS, 'the current legal and business landscape prevents groups within the developed and developing world from accessing and harnessing biological science technologies'.

The initiative will operate in three areas: intellectual property informatics and analysis; innovation system structural reform; and cooperative open access technology development.
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JISC joins Digital Library Federation |Dec|

The UK's Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) has become the first non-US ally of the US's Digital Library Federation (DLF).

'I am delighted that JISC has accepted our invitation to join,' said David Seaman, executive director of the DLF. 'We are a fast-moving consortium of very active academic digital libraries and the addition of a major UK funding agency will significantly enrich our collaborative work and help ensure we are better informed about non-US initiatives.'

The Digital Library Federation, founded in 1995, is a partnership organisation of 38 academic libraries and related organisations that are pioneering the use of electronic-information technologies to extend their collections and services.
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French social scientists get new information portal |Dec|

France's National Institute of Scientific and Technical Information (INIST)-CNRS and Ovid have developed a portal for delivering information resources in humanities and social sciences across the country. The new BiblioSHS portal, which is based on Ovid's SilverPlatter platform, allows users to access abstracts from resources such as International Political Social Abstracts, ATLA and Philosophers' Index.

'We are very excited about this partnership, because it allows end-users to stay current on specific topics and access full text results of important peer-reviewed content', said Marc Guichard of INIST-CNRS. This portal is the third partnership between INIST and Ovid. Previous projects include the delivery of portals for researchers in natural and biomedical sciences.

The national research organisation INIST- CNRS has more than 25,000 employees and 1,200 service and research divisions in France as well as partners and offices worldwide.
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UK politicians back institutional repositories and open access |Oct|

The UK's House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology has strongly recommended that all UK higher education institutions establish institutional repositories to store their published output and allow it to be read, free of charge, online. It has also urged funding bodies to make it a requirement that researchers deposit a copy of all of their articles in this way.

The inquiry's report also backed the author-pay model as a way of accessing journals and recommended that funding bodies establish funds to assist their researchers in paying to publish their work. However, it concluded that 'further experimentation is necessary, particularly to establish the impact that a change of publishing models would have on learned societies and in respect of the free rider problem.'

The open-access community has welcomed the findings. '[This report] gives the clearest political signal yet that open access to the research literature is to be regarded as of great benefit to science and society, and indispensable now that the technology exists to achieve it,' commented Jan Velterop of open-access journal publisher BioMed Central. He sees the recommendation that funding council money be used to support this as particularly significant. 'This supports the view that publishing research results is effectively a part of the research effort itself,' he said.

The report also asked that the British Library receive sufficient funding to take a central role in preserving digital data, and that immediate work is done towards the legal deposit of non-print publications.

The whole report can be read at
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FIZ Karlsruhe and FIZ Chemie Berlin agree to cooperate |Oct|

FIZ Karlsruhe and FIZ Chemie Berlin have announced plans for a strategic cooperation. This will include joint marketing efforts, and new projects and products. In the longer term an efficient, high-performance competence centre for scientific and technical information is also planned. An organisational model has also been developed so that the future integration of additional partner institutions will be possible.

Both of these German not-for-profit organisations are funded by the Leibniz Association, and this body strongly advocates close cooperation between research organisations. 'With this close co-operation between both of our institutions, we are taking the first step to strengthen the long-term future of German providers of scientific information,' commented Sabine Brünger-Weilandt, the managing director and CEO of FIZ Karlsruhe.

The Leibniz Association, which recently gave FIZ Karlsruhe a positive evaluation, has also welcomed a partnership between FIZ Karlsruhe and Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. This partnership has been established in order to develop an open-access platform for a multidisciplinary research organisation.
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IEEE journals are cheaper than average |Oct|

The annual IEEE Journal Pricing study has found that IEEE magazines, transactions, journals and letters continue to be priced significantly lower than those of similar publishers for the tenth consecutive year.

The study showed that the average price of a 500-page electrical engineering or computer science publication was US$644, while the average price of an IEEE periodical was US$391, 39% less than the market average.

The average price of scientific journals from other non-profit publishers was found to be US$457, while the average price of a commercially published scientific journal was US$802.

A further boost for IEEE was the recent study by CHI Research, which concluded that significant patents often cite papers from IEEE journals.

The study found that IEEE science accounts for 38% of all science references for top-patenting organisations and that more than 1,000 highly cited patents reference at least three IEEE articles.
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HighWire Press will host more OUP journals |Oct|

Stanford University's HighWire Press will host the entire journals collection of Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press (OUP), from January. HighWire Press, a not-for-profit department of Stanford University Libraries, already hosts the majority of OUP's science, technology, and medicine (STM) journals.

'I am delighted that our relationship has now grown to include disciplines outside of STM, and look forward to working with OUP to provide new benefits to researchers, scholars, and societies publishing in the social sciences and humanities,' commented John Sack, director of HighWire.
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Study reveals only weak link between self-citations and impact factor |Oct|

Self-citations have little effect on the impact factors of journals, according to a new study by Thomson. Journal self-citation is where an article published in a journal has cited a previously published article in that same journal.

The study examined the 5,876 journals covered in the 2002 Science Edition of the Journal Citation Reports (JCR), and concluded that journal self-citations are just a minor component of the overall citation pattern of most titles.

It found that self-citation rates vary widely across all journals and show only a weak correlation with the impact and subject of a journal. There is also only a weak correlation between self-citation rate and the size or specificity of the category assigned to a journal. Furthermore, the removal of self-citations from impact factor calculation had little effect on the relative rank of high-impact journals.

'Impact factor, particularly how it is shaped by self-citations, has been the topic of much debate,' said Jim Testa, director of editorial development for Thomson Scientific. 'Hopefully, this study will address some of the questions and concerns raised by the scientific community. When properly used, JCR can be a vital tool, among a number of measures, to evaluate the impact and influence of scholarly journals.'
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Innovative renews contract with MuseGlobal |Oct|

Innovative Interfaces has entered into a three-year agreement that renews its partnership with metasearch technology specialist MuseGlobal. Under this agreement, MuseGlobal will continue to provide the underlying search technology that supports MetaFind, Innovative's federated search product offering.

In 2001, Innovative chose MuseGlobal because it 'offered the best option for a sustainable technology with the potential for continuous improvement, and because the product had been in development since 1997'. The relationship has also allowed MuseGlobal to improve its product, based on feedback from Innovative customers.

Meanwhile, Innovative Interfaces has partnered with Northeastern University of Boston, US to create an institutional repository system. 'Northeastern had been exploring options for an institutional repository for over a year, and discovered that partnership was the best route,' explained Ed Warro, dean of university libraries at Northeastern. 'Doing it another way would have meant sapping valuable staff time on products that cannot offer us the stability or expert help that Innovative can.'

An initial product is planned for the end of 2004.
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'Digital fridge' wins conservation award |Oct|

The National Archives (TNA) in Kew, UK, has won an award for its digital archive, beating off international competition from the National Library of New Zealand and the Universities of Leeds and Michigan.

The Digital Preservation Award is part of the Pilgrim Trust Conservation Awards and recognises innovation in the preservation of digital material. The Digital Archive is described by TNA's head of archiving services, David Ryan, as being 'like a giant fridge for digital records, keeping them fresh by preventing digital decay.' He added that it can hold up to 100 terabytes of data, which is the equivalent of 1.5 billion pages of text, enough to stretch from the earth to the moon.

The judges were said to have been impressed by the clear aims and practical, achievable goals The National Archives had set in such a highly complex and rapidly evolving environment. The project demonstrated how an organisation skilled at dealing with paper records could respond positively to the challenge of dealing with digital records. They were also impressed with the way in which the system could evolve to take note of practical experience. A key criterion for the Digital Preservation Awards was to demonstrate clear practical benefit.

'History will judge us harshly if we are unable to overcome the obstacles to preserving access to our burgeoning digital cultural heritage so we need to encourage and reward those who are working to secure it,' said Loyd Grossman, who chairs the Digital Preservation Coalition.
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XML DTD now available for COUNTER usage reports |Oct|

An XML DTD has been developed for the Usage Reports contained in Release 1 of the COUNTER Code of Practice. This will enable vendors to make their COUNTER compliant usage reports available as XML documents and will help customers to manipulate and merge the usage reports from different vendors. The COUNTER XML DTD is designed to be applicable to future releases of the COUNTER Code of Practice, and may be of use in encoding reports other than those specified by COUNTER.

COUNTER's international Code of Practice provides a way to measure how online information resources are used. This helps librarians to understand better how the information they buy from a variety of sources is being used, and it tells publishers how the information products they disseminate are being accessed. The DTD itself, along with documentation and sample XML instances, can be obtained from
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The American Ceramic Society Partners with Blackwell Publishing |Oct|

The American Ceramic Society (ACerS) has selected Blackwell Publishing to publish its two premier publications, the Journal of the American Ceramic Society and the International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology. Both publications were formally self-published by the society.

'After 75 years of in-house publishing, our society wanted to enhance the strategic direction and development of the ACerS journals,' commented Glenn Harvey, executive director and publisher for The American Ceramic Society. 'We chose Blackwell for its publishing expertise, commitment to long-term success, and experience working with societies.'
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SwetsWise welcomes new publishers |Oct|

Swets Information Services has recently signed several new publishers to SwetsWise Online Content, the company's web-based service for the procurement, access and management of subscriptions and online information.

The new publishers include Akadémiai Kiadó of Hungary; the American Institute of Biological Sciences; American Psychiatric Publishing; the UK's Commonwealth Forestry Commission; the new UK-based publisher Equinox Publishing; Pharmaceutical Press, the publications division of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain; and Vieweg Verlag - GWV Fachverlage of Germany. SwetsWise has also signed up the open access journals publisher BioMed Central.
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Ovid delivers clinical resources to China |Oct|

Ovid has announced an agreement with the BMJ Publishing Group (PG) to bring clinical information to 20 medical research institutions and hospitals belonging to the CALIS consortium in China.

The agreement currently covers more than 70,000 researchers, faculty members and clinical staff. More universities are set to join the CALIS Medical consortium in 2004.
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Dialog invites EMEA applicants for scholarship |Oct|

Online information services provider Dialog is seeking applicants from Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) for a 5,000-euro scholarship.

The company's third annual Roger K Summit Scholarship to be offered in the region will be awarded to a student who is enrolled in an accredited library or information sciences course.

The scholarship is named in honour of Dialog's founder, Dr Roger K Summit. Local information professionals and educators will select the winner after reviewing academic achievement, interest in electronic information services, proficiency using Dialog online services and faculty recommendations. The deadline for applicants for the EMEA prize is 22 October 2004 and the prize will be awarded at the 2004 Online Information Conference and Exhibition, to be held 30 November to 2 December in London. Application forms are available at
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MicroPatent opens European office |Oct|

Germany's global linxs will provide customer service assistance to MicroPatent's European customers. The new European Client Service Center will provide technical and product support to MicroPatent's European users during their normal business hours. It will be staffed by global linxs personnel who are trained on MicroPatent's products and services.

'It is MicroPatent's mission to be the most customer-focused commercial intellectual property provider,' said JoAnn Marshall-Hobbs, MicroPatent's vice-president of customer service. 'Having local service and support in Europe is a critical component in accomplishing this goal.'

MicroPatent is owned by Information Holdings, a US company that is currently being acquired by the Thomson group (see ,a href="risepoct04patents.html">full article).
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Wiley sues Palisade over mass spec database |Oct|

John Wiley & Sons has filed a complaint against the Palisade Corporation and Samuel McLafferty, its owner, in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Wiley is the publisher and copyright holder of The Wiley Registry of Mass Spectral Data, a database used to analyse chemical substances in a variety of fields. Wiley alleges that Palisade breached its nonexclusive distribution agreement and violated Wiley's intellectual property rights by creating, promoting, and selling under its own name an unauthorised derivative database product, The Palisade Complete. This is said to consist primarily of the entirety of The Wiley Registry of Mass Spectral Data, Seventh Edition ('Wiley Registry') along with two smaller databases. Wiley further alleges that Palisade intended to obscure and subordinate the Wiley name in connection with The Palisade Complete, and to position its own product to supplant The Wiley Registry as the premiere spectral database on the market.

'Wiley is taking this action to protect the goodwill and integrity of The Wiley Registry, the leading database in spectral chemical analysis. Scientists and researchers use its spectral data for reliable testing and analysis. We believe we can best serve them by protecting the high-quality content on which they have depended for decades,' said Gary Rinck, the general counsel at Wiley.
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Yahoo! links to research resources |Jun|

Electronic research materials such as technical reports and preprints are now available through Yahoo! Search. This follows a deal between the OAIster Project, which was set up by the University of Michigan, US, and Yahoo!'s Content Acquisition Program (CAP).

OAIster offers information that links to hidden digital resources, such as the complete contents of books and articles, technical reports, preprints, white papers, images of paintings, movies, and audio files of speeches.

OAIster retrieves these by tapping directly into the collections of a variety of institutions using harvesting technology based on the Open Archives Initiative (OAI) Protocol for Metadata Harvesting.

The OAIster service currently provides access to three million harvested records describing and pointing to these resources, which are created and hosted by 267 research institutions around the world.

The deal with Yahoo! opens up these resources to a wider audience, because many of the scholarly collections included in OAIster were not previously indexed in popular Web search services.

Collections available through OAIster include: the Eprint Archive (an archive of physics research); Carnegie Mellon University Informedia Public Domain Video Archive; Ethnologue: Languages of the World; Library of Congress American Memory Project; and Caltech Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory Technical Reports.
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Physicists help preserve audio recordings |Jun|

A technique used in particle physics is helping the US Library of Congress to restore and preserve music and spoken-word recordings that are archived on old vinyl records. The technology could give staff a better way to restore some of the 500,000 items it preserves each year.

The new technique builds on methods of analysing the huge amounts of data generated by high-energy physics experiments. 'We thought these methods, which demand pattern recognition and noise suppression, could also analyse the grooved shapes in mechanical recordings,' said Carl Haber, a senior scientist in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Physics Division, who developed the technology along with his colleague, Vitaliy Fadeyev.

The researchers programmed a precision optical metrology system, which was designed to inspect silicon detectors, to map the undulating grooves etched in shellac phonograph discs. This could be done in a non-contact way to protect delicate samples. The resulting images were processed to remove scratches and blemishes, and modelled to determine how a stylus courses through the undulations. This stylus motion was then converted to a digital sound format to give a digital reproduction of a mechanical recording, with each bump and ridge in the recording's grooves captured, but with each scratch ironed out.

'The groundbreaking research that our colleagues at Berkeley Lab are undertaking signals an important new direction for preservation of collections of this type, which we hope will be of benefit to libraries and archives everywhere,' said Mark Roosa, the Library's director for preservation.
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Thomson acquires Newport Strategies |Jun|

The Thomson Corporation has bought Newport Strategies, a provider of competitive intelligence for the pharmaceutical industry. Newport provides drug manufacturers with databases and consulting solutions. These are expected to complement the competitive intelligence information for global pharmaceutical companies offered by Thomson. 'Using Newport products in conjunction with our portfolio will allow drug makers to make more effective strategic decisions,' said Bob Cullen, president and CEO of Thomson Scientific & Healthcare. 'Newport's capabilities and intelligence, combined with the Thomson global reach and leadership in the pharmaceutical industry, will bring great benefit to our customers,' said Newport's founder, Jean Hoffman.
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IEEE's usage stats endorsed by auditor |Jun|

The IEEE has carried out an independent examination of its internal controls over the measurement and reporting of IEEE Xplore usage statistics. The independent auditor was PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP.

'IEEE undertook this audit because of its commitment to quality and the importance of usage statistics to customers and IEEE members. To our knowledge, IEEE is the first publisher in the STM industry to conduct such a study,' said Gerry Grenier, IEEE staff director for publishing technology. 'IEEE made it a priority to assure our members and users that the information we provide pertaining to the number of PDF documents downloaded from IEEE Xplore is accurate. We chose a controls-based audit approach because we felt it would provide our users with a greater degree of assurance about our overall operations.'

This audit approach showed IEEE that it had been under-reporting its article abstract statistics. IEEE has corrected the method and the changes are reflected in reports on abstracts downloaded since January.

'Institutions use these statistics to prove the value of their online collections. They need to know that they are getting not only access to high-quality publications, but also that their researchers find the collection of use and value in their work,' said Anthony Durniak, IEEE staff executive for publications. 'The assurance we can now provide in conjunction with our usage statistics strengthens IEEE's relationship with the users of its publications.'

IEEE Xplore provides access to IEEE magazines, journals, conference proceedings and standards, as well as publications from the Institution of Electrical Engineers in the UK. More than 43.7 million PDF documents were downloaded from IEEE Xplore in 2003.
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System supports integrity of records |Jun|

The UK's National Archives (TNA) in Kew, near London, has developed a draft XML to support interoperability between government records management solutions (ERMS). The new schemas will facilitate the exchange of records from one department to another if, for example, business responsibilities move following a government reshuffle or election. They will also allow historical electronic records to be transferred to the National Archives without compromising integrity.

The e-Government Interoperability Framework (e-GIF) aims to ensure the coherent exchange of information and services between systems. Owing to the nature of records management, this is far more demanding than the level of interoperability required to support searching or the movement of electronic publications from one website to another.

The XML is based on standard metadata which TNA has defined in collaboration with the Office of the e-Envoy and other public bodies.
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Drug firms increase investment in information |Jun|

Top global pharmaceutical companies will spend an average of $20m on information services in 2004, including content, software, and staffing, according to analyst firm Outsell.

Between 2001 and 2003, total budgets increased by seven per cent, and they are expected to increase five per cent more in 2004.

'While information management budgets are increasing only marginally, pharmaceutical companies are deploying information content to proportionally larger user populations,' said Mary Corcoran, Outsell's vice-president and lead analyst. 'An increasing focus on global content under global vendor agreements, self-serve portals, and virtual information delivery means budgets are optimised like never before.'

She added that smart information managers at pharmaceutical companies use combinations of self-serve information access and supported information retrieval, as well as digital information sources and physical libraries.
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Softlink strikes web-library deal with Cambridge college |Jun|

The library of St Catharine's College at the University of Cambridge, UK, has chosen Softlink Liberty3 as its library management system. The system is web-based, which, according to UK-based Softlink Europe, means that no parts of the system are dependent on the workstation specification and it requires only minimal bandwidth.

'Undergraduates, postgraduates and fellows now have the benefit of a web-based catalogue showing the availability of books, videos, CDs and journals. The catalogue has been customised to reflect the style of the rest of the college web pages and the new system lets library users place reservations and receive e-mails alerting them to recent acquisitions,' said Suzan Griffiths, librarian at St Catharine's College. She added that Softlink Liberty3 was chosen for its cost, the ability to customise the system to reflect local practice, and its self-issue and returns module.
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Knovel supplies library services to sailors |Jun|

The US Navy, via the Naval General Library Program (NGLP), has become the newest and largest subscriber of web-based research and 'infoware' resource for engineers, scientists and researchers from US-based Knovel.

The Navy's intention in subscribing to this resource is to provide library services to more sailors and marines deployed worldwide, both onshore and at sea. According to Knovel, the company's e-resource also enables users to obtain engineering and scientific information, and then create data that is relevant to an individual user's needs by the use of interactive tools and capabilities.

'The relationships with Knovel and other vendors, have saved the Navy an estimated $15.5m,' said Nellie Moffitt, director of the NGLP. 'We estimate the savings result from increased productivity in the engineering and scientific arenas relating to faster project delivery times and the increased time efficiencies that can now be realised by our technical professionals,' she added.
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Boards guide e-journals management |Jun|

Swets Information Services has founded two industry advisory boards to assist in its e-journal management drive and advise senior management on how to continue adding value in the information management chain.

The International Customer Advisory Board will represent the customer viewpoint on Swets' future service and product development. Members are drawn from senior academic and corporate library and information staff representing Swets' global customer base. These include universities in the US, Canada, the UK, France, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, Taiwan and Australia. Shell and Schering are also participants.

The International Publisher Advisory Board will also work closely with Swets in forming and testing concepts, giving structured feedback on new products and partnering with opinion leaders in developing new solutions. This board includes the American Chemical Society, Blackwell Publishing, CSA (Cambridge Scientific Abstracts), CSIRO Publishing, Elsevier, IEEE, Georg Thieme Verlag, Masson, OECD, Oxford University Press, Springer, Taylor & Francis, Walter de Gruyter and Wiley.

'Swets' International Customer and Publisher Advisory Boards will play a crucial role in helping us to simplify the entire chain of e-journal complexities and liaising with key information providers and users.' said Eric van Amerongen, Swets' CEO.
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Google helps Crossref search research texts |Jun|

CrossRef has launched a initiative that enables users to search the full text of high-quality, peer-reviewed journal articles, conference proceedings, and other resources from nine leading publishers. Called CrossRef Search, this pilot programme is based on the collaborative environment of CrossRef, the reference-linking service for scholarly publishing, and Google search technologies.

'Now, researchers and students interested in mining published scholarship have immediate access to targeted, interdisciplinary and cross-publisher search on full text using the powerful and familiar Google technology,' said Ed Pentz, executive director of CrossRef. 'CrossRef Search, like CrossRef itself, breaks down barriers between publishers on behalf of research and library communities.'

CrossRef Search is available to all users, free of charge, on the websites of participating publishers, and encompasses current journal issues as well as back files. The results are delivered from the regular Google index but filter out everything except the participating publishers' content, and will link to the content on publishers' websites via DOIs (digital object identifiers) or regular URLs. CrossRef itself does not host any content or perform searches, but instead works with Google and sets the policies and guidelines governing publisher participation.

The partnership with Google also means that full-text content from the publishers is referenced by the main index in its more general searches. Participating publishers, with links to the CrossRef Search pages, are American Physical Society, Annual Reviews, Association for Computing Machinery, Blackwell, Institute of Physics Publishing, International Union of Crystallography, Nature Publishing Group, OUP, and John Wiley.

The CrossRef Search pilot will run throughout 2004 to evaluate functionality and gather feedback from scientists, scholars and librarians. Participating publishers are also investigating how DOIs could be used to improve indexing of content and enable persistent links from search results to the full text of content at publishers' sites. CrossRef is also in discussion with other search engines.
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Open access journals are making an impact |Jun|

Open access (OA) journals are beginning to have an impact in scholarly research, according to Thomson ISI, a business of the Thomson Corporation. The company came to this conclusion after evaluating the journals now covered by its Web of Science.

Only 191 of the 8,700 journals currently covered in Web of Science are OA journals. However, this number is significant in terms of the progress made by the OA movement, the company believes. Thomson ISI reviews nearly 2,000 journals annually, but only 10-12 per cent of the evaluated journals are accepted. The same set of criteria that is applied to traditionally published journals is also applied to OA journals as part of the selection process.

'Just as the internet radically changed how Thomson ISI delivers its information solutions to the research community, [the internet] has also fundamentally changed the practical and economic realities of publishing,' said James Testa, the company's director of editorial development. 'However, the internet has not changed the need for the research community to easily access the most relevant scholarly research, making the element of selectivity key - the reason why Thomson ISI employs such rigorous editorial standards.'

This report follows a recent study by Thomson ISI on the overall performance of OA journals within the range of scholarly publications used by the research community. The study's initial findings indicate that there was no discernible difference in terms of citation impact or frequency with which the journal is cited.
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Open access: MPs hear differing views |Apr|

Elsevier has mounted a spirited defence of its scientific publishing operations in evidence to a UK House of Commons inquiry. But its criticisms of open-access publishing models have been countered by comments from the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP), which favours open-access publishing. Elsevier told MPs it believes that the current worldwide system of scientific, technical and medical (STM) publishing 'serves science and medical communities well'.

It pointed out that 2,000 STM publishers annually produce 1.2 million peer-reviewed articles, and that publishers continue to organise, establish, manage, and disseminate journals, defining new disciplines, establishing and actively managing editorial boards, and investing in new technologies that make research more accessible.

Elsevier said it had invested approximately £200 million in its ScienceDirect electronic distribution platform and in other programmes. It said that, in the UK, 97 per cent of researchers have direct access to around 90 per cent of Elsevier journals under licence of their host institution. UK citizens have access to all Elsevier journals and articles, either directly through their local libraries, or via inter-library loan agreements. Over two years from 2001 to 2003, the number of UK researchers downloading Elsevier's electronic articles at least once per month increased from 145,000 to 360,000, while the number of Elsevier articles they downloaded tripled from 4.4 million to 13.3 million. The average cost of a retrieved article for UK users of ScienceDirect had fallen from £4.57 to £1.69 since 2001.

Elsevier criticised Open Access 'author-pays' models and warned that, because British researchers produce a disproportionately high number of articles, the UK Government, foundations, universities and researchers could together pay 30 to 50 per cent more for STM journals in an Open Access system. It warned that 'commercial organisations that subscribe to many journals but contribute relatively few articles each year would pay less: our estimates suggest that some commercial corporations would pay one tenth or less in an Open Access system than they pay under today's subscription model.'

In contrast, a memorandum of evidence submitted by CILIP urged the Government to support the trend towards Open-Access journals. CILIP said that it would lead to a more efficient use of public money, adding: 'It would also do a great deal to bridge the divide between information-rich countries and those in the developing world.'

Pointing out that the top five publishers produce 37 per cent of the 8,000 journals rated as worthy of citation analysis by the Institute of Scientific Information, CILIP advocated that merger proposals between scientific publishers should be strictly monitored to avoid the further enhancement of monopoly market power.

'Big deal' schemes, where journal publishers provide online access to all their journals, are of limited value to many libraries, CILIP suggested (see also David Mort's article).
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More publishers join SwetsWise |Apr|

Swets Information Services has signed 10 more publishers to its SwetsWise Online Content. SwetsWise is a web-based, modular service for the procurement, access and management of subscriptions and online information. It now carries 7,813 full text e-journals from 294 publishers, with more than 90 per cent of the top STM publishers participating.

Among the new additions are Ashley Publications, which publishes the Expert Opinion series of seven titles in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries; and BioMed Central which, in addition to its open-access publications, also publishes reviews and other subscription-based content, including the Current Reports series, and the Current Treatment Options journals. Twenty-six of BioMed Central's subscription-based titles are now available via SwetsWise Online Content.

Serials, the international journal for the serials community published three times a year by the UK Serials Group, contains topical articles written by librarians, publishers, aggregators and other experts within the global serials industry, as well as conference reports, editorial comment and people in the news. This, too, is now available.
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European universities are Innovative |Apr|

The libraries of several European universities are to install the Millennium system from Innovative Interfaces, which specialises in web-powered, Java-based, automated library systems. Université de Valenciennes in France, Universidade de Coimbra in Portugal, and Universitaria de Huelva in Spain, have all opted for the system. Innovative Interfaces has, in addition, been chosen to implement a central cataloguing project for the Flemish Centre for Public Libraries (VCOB). By the autumn of 2004, library users using Millennium's OPAC will be able to consult the collections of more than 300 public libraries in five regions across Flanders, Belgium's Flemish-speaking region. The first implementation phase will include a database of the six largest Flemish libraries. This will be followed by public web access to a single database of 40 million records, the Flemish Union Catalogue, which will be available to two million library users, and more than 4,000 librarians.

As part of its total reorganisation of the university's information system, the Service Commun de Documentation (SCD) at the Université de Valenciennes wanted to acquire a coherent library system, with integrated components and functions. There are also plans for a CD-ROM network and printing administration. Innovative is partnering with a local service provider, the Jouve Company, to deliver web services.

At the Universidade de Coimbra, the library coordinates the Sistema Integrado de Informação Bibliográfica (the database of the University of Coimbra), to which 24 faculty libraries and study institutes contribute. The library is public, national, and academic in character containing one million volumes and an array of archival materials including some of the oldest surviving books, dating from before 1501.

The Biblioteca Universitaria de Huelva serves nearly 14,000 patrons at seven outlets: a central library, three campus libraries, and three large study halls.

The library makes available 182,000 monographs, 4,100 periodical subscriptions, 4,500 electronic serials, 84 databases, and some 6,500 multimedia sources.
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IEEE hits electronic million |Apr|

The US Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has released its millionth online technical document. There are now 1,000,200 full-text technology papers, articles and standards in IEEE Xplore, the delivery system for IEEE online publications.

The millionth document, Novel Frame Buffer Pixel Circuits for Liquid-Crystal-on-Silicon Microdisplays, was published in the January issue of the IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. It was written by Sangrok Lee, James C. Morizio, and Kristina M. Johnson, from the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina.
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UK acts to help save digital science from disappearing |Apr|

The UK's universities and its research funding councils have allocated some £1.3m a year for a Digital Curation Centre.

The scientific record and the documentary heritage created in digital form are at risk, by technology obsolescence and by the fragility of digital media. Working with other practitioners, the Curation Centre will support UK institutions to store, manage, and preserve these data to ensure their enhancement and their continuing long-term use. The aim of the centre is to provide a national focus for research into curation issues and to promote expertise and good practice, both national and international, for the management of all research outputs in digital format Led by the University of Edinburgh, the Digital Curation Centre will be run by a consortium of four partner institutions: the University of Edinburgh (Informatics, Law, Information Services and leading research institutes) and the University of Glasgow (HATII and Information Services), which together host the National eScience Centre; UKOLN, at the University of Bath; the Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils (CCLRC - which operates the Rutherford and Daresbury Laboratories).

Professor Tim O'Shea, Principal of the University of Edinburgh, said: 'I'm delighted the university has the opportunity to make a leading contribution to the critical task of ensuring the long-term preservation of information in digital form. This partnership brings together a unique range of expertise in the field.'
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Citation index for Web publications under development |Apr|

Thomson ISI and NEC Laboratories America (NEC) are to create a comprehensive, multidisciplinary citation index for Web-based scholarly resources. The new Web Citation Index will combine 'autonomous citation indexing' tools from NEC's CiteSeer environment, with the capabilities underlying ISI Web of Knowledge. Thomson ISI editors will monitor the quality of the index.

During 2004, Thomson ISI and NEC will pilot the new resource and receive feedback from the scientific and scholarly community. Full access to the index is projected for early 2005.

When fully operational, the new index will be within the ISI Web of Knowledge, providing researchers with citation relationships among web-based documents, such as pre-prints, proceedings, and 'open access' research publications.

'Today, we are seeing impressive shifts in the nature of scholarly communications,' said James Pringle, vice president for development at Thomson ISI. 'During this transformation, our mission remains the same: to provide researchers with access to the highest-quality content available, no matter what medium or business model supports it. We are delighted to be able to work with a company that was at the forefront of helping scientists learn about the work of their peers.'

NEC's CiteSeer is a scientific literature digital library that aims to improve the dissemination and feedback of literature. It provides algorithms, techniques, and software that can be used in other digital libraries. CiteSeer indexes Postscript and PDF research articles on the web.
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Extenza and Emerald become Counter-compliant |Apr|

Extenza, a division of Royal Swets & Zeitlinger, has achieved level 1 compliance with Counter's international e-journal usage standards. Counter, an international initiative launched in March 2002, is designed to serve librarians, publishers, and intermediaries, by facilitating the recording and exchange of online usage statistics.

Extenza will provide access to a uniform set of usage statistics on its site, with reports available to publishers and librarians. Ruth Jones, general manager of Extenza e-Publishing Services, said: 'In a market where usage statistics are being linked directly to fees, accurate information is critical. We are committed to helping publishers and librarians better understand how content is used.'

International publisher Emerald has also become Counter-compliant. Paul Evans, head of electronic marketing and support services, said: 'Usage is one of the most important areas of data within our company, and we can measure variables, ranging from numbers of abstracts or articles viewed, to overall usage trends and customer value for money. Sharing these statistics with librarians can help them make decisions about their stock and target the marketing of their library resources to key user groups.' Emerald provides more than 150 hard copy and online journals on the subjects of management and library and information services.

The Project Counter (Counting Online Usage of Networked Electronic Resources) Initiative is designed to provide a standardised set of statistics, built to an agreed international code of practice. Peter Shepherd, Counter project director, said: 'We are delighted that Emerald are now implementing the code of practice, and hope it will encourage more publishers to do the same. We welcome Extenza to the list of organisations complying with the code of practice. They add significantly to the number of journals for which Counter -compliant usage reports are now available. This confirms we are moving in the right direction.'
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National Archives tackles software obsolescence |Apr|

The UK's National Archives, at Kew in London, has been liasing with several software houses, including Microsoft, to create a new, free online data-store of software product information, called Pronom.

Pronom provides vital information for anyone who needs to preserve electronic records over the long term, and it aims to help with the problem of software obsolescence. It will allow users to search a rapidly-growing database of over 250 software products, such as Microsoft Word, Excel and a wide range of Adobe software, plus 550 file formats and 100 manufacturers. Users will also be able to request or submit new information for inclusion, using an online form.

David Ryan, head of archive services, said: 'The National Archives is committed to preserving historic electronic records indefinitely. Pronom provides free access to the kind of detailed, reliable technical information that is required to manage and preserve such records over time.'

In March, the organisation launched a new digital archive that will be used to store electronic government records. In September it launched the first UK government web archive, which preserves a selection of government websites chosen to represent the broad functions of the government and make them available to the public free online.
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University of Derby opts for Talis |Apr|

To create a single gateway into its managed learning environment and library resources, the University of Derby has chosen the Talis Information Environment, based on the TalisPrism web services architecture.

The system will provide a gateway to e-resources including e-journals, the library catalogue, the internet and internal resources - such as exam papers - for the university's 25,000 students and faculty. Derby is a founder member of the Global University Alliance and is involved in online delivery of courses available internationally.
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Ovid signs more publishers |Apr|

Ovid, which specialises in medical information services, has agreed with nine prominent publishers to bring more than 100 new content resources to Journals@Ovid and Books@Ovid in the course of 2004.

Four of the nine publishers are new partners to Ovid, including the British Psychological Society, Radcliffe Medical Press, Brill Academic Publishers, and Whurr Publishers. Journals from these publishers cover specialties such as surgery, primary care, women's health, and psychology, and include titles such as the British Journal of Psychology (BPS), Education for Primary Care (Radcliffe), Behaviour (Brill), and Criminal Behaviour & Mental Health (Whurr).

Julie Neason, journals manager of the British Psychological Society, said: 'Our objectives were to identify a global organisation with a strong medical focus and expert knowledge of local market needs. Partnering with Ovid presents us with an opportunity to greatly enhance our journal offering.'
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Elsevier launches trial of Scopus |Apr|

Elsevier has released the first version of Scopus - its new, full text-linking abstract and indexing (A&I) database - to selected libraries for final testing and user trials. Commercial release is expected to follow in the last quarter of 2004. Scopus is the result of a two-year development programme, during which the company collaborated with librarians and researchers at 20 institutions around the world. The company saw the oppor-tunity to eliminate duplication of content, and provide seamless access to full text.

Elsevier claims that Scopus is the biggest A&I database of scientific literature yet assembled, covering titles from more than 4,000 STM publishers. It searches the scientific web using the science-only internet search engine, Scirus. Results are listed almost instantaneously, then users can seamlessly link to the full text in one click, making 'dead-links' a thing of the past.

In addition to the direct involvement of leading institutions as development partners, Elsevier drew on 30 years' experience in producing abstract and indexing databases such as the Compendex and EMBASE, and the ScienceDirect Navigator. Customer-specific usage reports will be Counter-compliant.
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UK to investigate journal pricing |Feb|

A committee of British MPs is to investigate scientific publishing, in the light of concerns about escalating subscription costs. The Science and Technology Committee of the House of Commons will start taking evidence in March.

The committee will investigate pricing policies for scientific journals, particularly 'Big-Deal' agreements, as well as open-access initiatives. It will decide whether to recommend that the UK Government should encourage open-access projects - such as BioMed Central and the Public Library of Science - which represent a challenge to traditional pricing models of journal publishers.

The chairman of the committee, Dr Ian Gibson, is a former academic from the University of East Anglia. He promised some 'very tough questions for publishers, libraries and government on these issues'. 'Journals are at the heart of the scientific process,' he continued. 'Researchers, teachers and students must have easy access to scientific publications at a fair price. Scientific journals need to maintain their credibility and integrity as they move into the age of e-publication.'

In the US, Cornell University has cut back its Elsevier journal subscriptions by 900 titles for 2004. 'Trends regarding serials costs are unsustainable, and the current business models and marketing strategies of commercial publishers bear significant responsibility for those trends,' according to a Cornell statement.

Cornell cited a study by the US Association of Research Libraries, showing that the top research libraries in North American have been spending more money on fewer publications: over the past 15 years, journal prices have increased by 215 per cent and library expenditures have nearly kept pace - rising by 210 per cent - whereas the serials titles purchased by large academic research libraries have decreased by five per cent.

In a public statement, Cornell warned: 'This is not a serials crisis, but rather a broader crisis in scholarly communications - although it is true that the greatest and most significant pressure is in the area of scientific serials.'
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FIZ Chemie to build virtual laser research centre |Feb|

Germany's Specialist Centre for Chemistry Information (Fachinformationszentrum Chemie, FIZ Chemie) in Berlin has taken over responsibility for building the electronic inform-ation and communications structure for a new network of European research institutes working in laser physics. The development project 'Laserlab Europe' will bring together 18 research institutes in nine European Union countries.

The centre will also be heading a consortium in a second new EU project for the development of internationally accredited standards for the qualification of workers in the chemistry industry, bringing together 21 partners in nine European countries.

Professor René Deplanque, the centre's managing director for science and technology, said: 'FIZ Chemie Berlin has been given these projects because we have already assimilated much expertise with international information structures in which large amounts of expert knowledge, with sometimes very complicated data, are stored de-centrally.'
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Emerald Group Publishing chooses FatWire software |Feb|

Emerald Group Publishing, which specialises in international management and library and information services publishing, is to build and deliver an online article submission and peer review service for the authors and editors of its 130 global business management and library services journals. The service, to be known as JADE, will use 'Content Server', supplied by FatWire Software, which provides companies with content-management software.

Complete rollout for all Emerald journals will be accomplished by the end of 2004. Powered by Content Server, JADE will be used to reengineer Emerald's publishing supply chain and enhance quality-assurance of its peer review process. Authors will benefit from the ability to independently submit articles online and conduct peer reviews facilitating quality improvement and speeding journal publication.

Content Server will support the publishing of titles including Management Decision, European Journal of Marketing, the Journal of Documentation, and Library Management.
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Design Science to enhance search technology |Feb|

Design Science has announced that it will lead a project aimed at enhancing search technology for science, technical and medical (STM) documents. Funded in part by the US National Science Foundation's National Science Digital Library programme, it will begin with a workshop in April, bringing together researchers and managers of STM document collections from academia and industry.

The goal is to facilitate searching for mathematical formulas and notation in scientific literature, in the same way as one can now do full-text keyword searches. Dr Robert Miner, director of new product development at Design Science, said: 'With better searching, researchers in one area have a much better chance of discovering connections with other seemingly unrelated fields. For example, one can imagine a heart researcher might find the same equations describing cardiac electrical signals turning up in the work of astronomers studying solar flares, where the problems have already been solved. Without maths-aware searching, finding such unexpected connections is largely a matter of chance. Yet, history shows that unexpected connections can often lead to major breakthroughs.'

'There is some sense in the industry that there is a window of opportunity to re-examine best practices for making STM material more searchable,' said Miner. 'As content providers shift to XML-based workflows, there is a natural interest in leveraging investments in XML-based content to add value for customers. Improved searching is a hot topic in this regard.' The workshop will be held 26 to 27 April at the Institute for Mathematics and its Advancement at the University of Minnesota.
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Elsevier to close ChemWeb |Feb|

Elsevier intends to close down three portals - BioMedNet, ChemWeb, and The sites offer a range of free content, such as news and abstracts, to registered users. BioMedNet alone has more than a million users around the world.

A statement from the company noted that 'During our six-year association with virtual community portals in the science and technology arena, Elsevier has tried a number of different business models in an attempt to make these portals self-sustaining, with only limited success. Latterly their principal role has been as a tool to market our products to their respective discipline areas. Having carefully reviewed the options available to us, we have decided that future marketing investments will be made in other areas and that the investments in the science and technology portals BioMedNet, Chemweb and will be withdrawn.

'The portals are also home to paid-for products and we are currently evaluating how to integrate essential services that are hosted on our portals within alternative solutions. No further investment in science and technology portals is planned, though they will continue to operate as usual until the integration work is completed.'
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Library affiliate fee eliminated |Feb|

CrossRef, the collaboration among publishers that enables researchers to navigate online content via DOI-based citation links, is to eliminate its $500 fee for library affiliates in 2004.

CrossRef wants to encourage the use of DOIs and make it easy for libraries to create full-text links and integrate DOIs into their OpenURL link resolvers.

Libraries will simply sign a basic agreement to get a CrossRef account, but there will be no charge for the account.
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AIP and APS Virtual Journals to add IEEE publications |Feb|

Journals published by the IEEE will soon join the Virtual Journals in Science and Technology (VJ), sponsored by the American Institute of Physics and the American Physical Society. Articles and abstracts from the IEEE's 120 journals will appear in the VJs in early 2004.

Virtual Journals are online publications that collect relevant papers from a broad range of science journals. The series currently includes five VJs including nanoscale science, biological physics, quantum information, superconductivity, and ultrafast science.

The Virtual Journals will now link to the most significant articles from the latest issues of more than 175 participating source journals, including Science and Nature.

'Participating in the Virtual Journals supports the IEEE's mission to advance knowledge about technology,' said Anthony Durniak, IEEE staff executive of publications.

'The Virtual Journals have become an essential cross-publisher research tool, and we are delighted that our inclusion can provide researchers with easy access to highly cited IEEE publications, and contribute to the advancement of science.'
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British Library launches new electronic delivery service |Feb|

The British Library has launched a secure electronic delivery service to give customers fast access to more than 100,000,000 items - providing a one-stop shop for information. For customers this means that almost anything from the library's huge collections - whether born digital, in print, or in microform - can be delivered to a desktop within two hours. Born-digital material can be sent almost instantly.

The service is based on Adobe Reader 6.0 software and Relais International scanning and delivery technology. Since the library launched the world's first fully copyright-compliant, secure, electronic delivery service - for digital documents - in December 2002, it has succeeded in obtaining extensive agreements for secure electronic delivery with many of the world's leading scientific publishers.

More than 3,800 journal titles are available for instant electronic delivery.
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WHO and Nature announce publishing partnership |Feb|

The World Health Organisation's Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Disease (TDR) and Nature Publishing Group (NPG) have announced a publishing partnership.

As a first outcome of this collaboration, Nature Reviews Microbiology (launched in October 2003) and TDR have co-developed 'Disease Watch', a two-page monthly section that updates readers on the latest developments in infectious disease.

In 2004, in the next element of the collaboration, Nature Reviews Microbiology will publish a review series focusing on infectious diseases that disproportionately affect developing nations. The communication of issues relevant to tropical infectious diseases is an essential component of TDR's work and is closely aligned with a key aim of Nature Reviews Microbiology - to promote the study of infectious diseases that afflict poor and marginalised populations.

Dr Carlos Morel, director of TDR, said: 'Knowledge has always been the best remedy for any disease.

'Today, information and knowledge have become the world's most precious commodity. TDR must find new ways of prospecting for knowledge, of processing it, and sharing it. This new collaboration will help achieve these goals.'
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Springer-Verlag and inuTech work on multiphysics software |Feb|

Springer and inuTech, based in Nuremberg, will work together on the software Diffpack, a development framework for multiphysics simulation used widely in industry, scientific research, and computational-science education.

The Diffpack product line for numerical modelling and simulation is developed by inuTech, working with its partner SIMULA Research Laboratory. Frank Vogel, director of inuTech, said: 'The collaboration with Springer will enhance market knowledge of our products and of our position as an expert provider in the mathematical modelling and numerical solution area.'

Martin Peters, mathematics editor at Springer Heidelberg, said more books on Diffpack will be added to Springer's computational-science programme. 'inuTech is an excellent partner for collaborating in marketing and distribution,' he said. The latest release is Advanced Topics in Computational Partial Differential Equations - Numerical Methods and Diffpack Programming, edited by Hans Petter Langtangen and Aslak Tveito, of the SIMULA Research Laboratory in Norway.
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ALJC closes first five deals |Feb|

Swets Information Services has signed the first five deals for the ALPSP Learned Journals Collection (ALJC). Among the new subscribers are the University of Umeå in Sweden, the University of Queensland, and Fremantle Hospital & Health Services in Australia. In addition, a pricing and licensing proposal has been accepted by NESLi2, the UK's national electronic journals initiative for Higher and Further Education.

The ALJC is a collection of 247 journals from 25 publishers. The collection enables small and medium-sized non-profit and commercial publishers to package their journals with a single umbrella licence, pricing model and delivery platform.
See Sally Morris profile
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Impressed by Innovation software |Feb|

Innovative Interfaces, which provides Web-powered, Java-based, automated library systems, has announced that the Library Management Network has chosen to replace its current DRA Classic system with Millennium.

'As a consortium, it is important that our members maintain their individuality and, at the same time, co-operate to maintain a single, shared bibliographic database,' said Charlotte Moncrief, co-ordinator of Library Management Network. 'We were impressed with the software functionality.

'We are very much looking forward to joining the Innovative family.'
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Major publishers help developing countries

Many of the world's largest scientific and medical publishers are to participate in the AGORA initiative, to provide free or reduced-price online access to journals for developing countries. AGORA, launched in October in Rome, is a programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in collaboration with major scientific publishers, Cornell University, Mann Library and the World Health Organization (WHO).

The long-term goal of AGORA is to increase the quality and effectiveness of agricultural research and training in low-income food-deficit countries. AGORA will provide the poorest countries in the world with access over the worldwide web to a research collection of several hundred key journals in agriculture and related biological, environmental and social sciences. Among the participating publishers are Kluwer Academic Publishers, which is contributing 93 biological and environmental journals. Blackwell Publishing is also participating in the initiative, allowing free access to 124 of its peer-reviewed journals. This collection includes journals covering the latest research in agriculture, fisheries, food, nutrition, veterinary science, and related biological, environmental, and social sciences.

'We publish many of the leading titles in agriculture, food, and environmental science and it's a delight now to make them available online in countries which, arguably, need them most,' said Bob Campbell, President of Blackwell Publishing. John Wiley & Sons is another AGORA participant. Eric Swanson, Senior Vice President, Scientific, Technical, and Medical Publishing, said: 'AGORA will make a world of difference to the tens of thousands of students in developing nations who need to access current research information to advance their studies.

For its part, Springer-Verlag is granting online access to six of its journals on the life sciences and nutrition science free of charge or at a considerable discount. The Springer journals that can be accessed as part of the AGORA initiative are European Food Research and Technology, Irrigation Science, Mycorrhiza, Oecologia, Planta and Theoretical and Applied Genetics.

Nature Publishing Group (NPG) is also a founding member of AGORA and is providing online access to all relevant content from the NPG portfolio of journals and reference resources. The company has also been involved with the Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI) since May 2002.

In another Third World move, Elsevier is to partner with the International Union of Toxicology (IUTOX) in an effort to promote educational and career development for toxicologists in 24 countries in Eastern Europe, South America, and Asia - all with nascent toxicology research programmes.

In 2002, IUTOX contacted publishers of major toxicological reference works for donations to the project. Elsevier has made a donation to the project, worth US$ 35,000, by pledging copies of the Comprehensive Toxicology Series 1 to 13. As a result, one research library in each of the countries will receive the full collection, thereby facilitating access to the latest information.

Said Leo Voogt, Elsevier's Director of Library Relations: 'Cooperation with IUTOX is very much in line with work Elsevier has supported for some time, such as the WHO's Health InternetWork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI), through which Elsevier grants electronic access to over 650 of its top scientific health and biomedical journals to institutions in developing countries.'
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Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers goes to Taylor & Francis

The Netherlands-based company Royal Swets & Zeitlinger has sold the publishing business and assets of Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers (SZP) and A. A. Balkema to the Taylor & Francis Group, the UK-based specialist publisher of scientific, academic and professional books and journals.

SZP will continue to operate out of its Lisse office before relocating to the Leiden area. Founded in 1916, it publishes English-language journals and books in engineering, ophthal-mology and neuropsychology as well as the life and social sciences. SZP publishes 41 journal titles, 100 new book titles per year, and has a backlist of around 2,000 book titles.

According to Royal Swets & Zeitlinger, the sale is in keeping with its strategy of spinning off smaller-content businesses (book publishing, test publishing and document systems) in order to concentrate purely on outsourcing, distribution and information services in the field between scientific publishers and their markets.

The Taylor and Francis Group believes that the acquisition of SZP will enhance its existing scientific and engineering portfolios and reinforce its strategy of growing its portfolio of 'must have' information. David Smith, Chief Executive of Taylor & Francis Group plc said: 'The addition of the SZP portfolio to our own will further strengthen our position in STM publishing, and the complementary nature of the publications will enhance our offering worldwide. The SZP titles will benefit from our international customer base as well as our traditional and electronic publishing expertise.'
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Swets Blackwell launches new identity

Swets Blackwell changed its company name to 'Swets Information Services' in December 2003. The new name was launched during the 'Online Information 2003' conference and exhibition held in London, UK on 2 to 4 December 2003.

The firm was originally a joint venture between the Dutch company, Royal Swets & Zeitlinger, and the UK publisher, Blackwell, but is now wholly owned by the Dutch company. The Blackwell trade name will no longer be used for subscription activities, but the Blackwell companies will continue to use their name in their own activities in publishing and for the chain of Blackwell bookstores. Eric van Amerongen, CEO of Royal Swets & Zeitlinger, stated: 'The continued use of Swets in the company name emphasises our century-long tradition of expertise, service and innovation. It also underlines the fact that the company is now wholly owned by Royal Swets & Zeitlinger Holding.'

Swets Information Services is the first subscription agent member to achieve level 2 compliance with Counter's international e-journal usage standards. Swets has signed a formal declaration of compliance with Counter (Counting Online Usage of NeTworked Electronic Resources), the international initiative launched in March 2002 to serve librarians, publishers and intermediaries by facilitating the recording and exchange of online usage statistics.

Counter's specifications included data elements already collected by SwetsWise, Swets Information Services' web-based modular service for the procurement, access and management of subscriptions and online information. Covering more than 7,660 publications from 272 publishers, SwetsWise' participation also increases the number of titles and publishers for which Counter-compliant usage reports are now available, at

Swets Information Services has acquired W.H. Everett & Son Ltd, the subscription business of the world's oldest independent bookseller and subscription agent. All subscription activities currently handled from Everett's head office in London will be integrated into Swets Information Services' system. Colin Harrison, managing director of W.H. Everett commented: 'I am sad that a company which has managed to stay independent for over 200 years is finally being taken over. But I am very happy that the sale is to Swets - a company where we have many friends, especially in their UK company, but also in Holland and overseas.'
Back to top tracks literature on heat wave

An unprecedented heat wave scorched Europe during the summer of 2003, with thousands of people dying from heat-related stress and heat stroke. The event is now being reflected in the content of, which has a growing number of news-related items about the 2003 summer heat wave from leading research journals such as Science, The Lancet, British Medical Journal, and Nature. Some recent titles are European Heatwave Causes Misery and Deaths and Death in Heat Waves. Related articles will appear in various subject disciplines covered in, including: environmental health and pollution control; clinical medicine; internal medicine; public health, social medicine and epidemiology; health policy, economics and management.
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Springer Science and KAP to merge in spring

The announced merger of Springer Science+Business Media and Kluwer Academic Publishers will commence in the spring of 2004. Derk Haank will head the new company, taking on the role of CEO on 1 February 2004. Until that time, both publishing groups will continue to operate as separate companies and under their own names. The merger will create the second largest professional publisher in the fields of science, technology and medicine worldwide.

The two publishers are owned by the private European financial companies, Cinven and Candover. In August, Candover and Cinven received approval from the US Department of Justice, and from the European Commission, for the acquisition of BertelsmannSpringer and completed the transaction in September. At the Frankfurt Book Fair in October, the publishing group BertelsmannSpringer presented itself under its new name, Springer Science+Business Media. Cinven and Candover had already acquired Kluwer Academic Publishers in January 2003. Together, the companies will publish 1,350 magazines and more than 5,000 book titles each year, with revenues of about 880 million euros.

Dr Dietrich Götze, member of the management board at Springer Science+Business Media, said: 'Through the merger of Kluwer Academic Publishers and Springer Science+Business Media we will strengthen our market position in editorial publishing and sales, and thus be better equipped to meet the tough competition in this business.'

Peter Hendriks, CEO at Kluwer Academic Publishers, said: 'We are delighted about the upcoming merger, and are convinced that, together, we will drive our businesses forward.'
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NESLi2 and Blackwell Publishing reach agreement

UK universities and colleges are to gain online access to Blackwell's collection of 660 international peer-reviewed journals, many published on behalf of scholarly and professional societies. The collection includes journals covering medicine, life and physical sciences, social science and the humanities, and leading titles including Kidney International, European Journal of Biochemistry, Journal of Finance and Political Studies.

The agreement for 2004 was reached between Blackwell Publishing and NESLi2 (2nd phase of the National Electronic Site Licence Initiative), the UK's national initiative for the licensing of electronic journals on behalf of the higher and further education and research communities. It offers institutions two options for purchasing access to the journals, both complying with the model licence, devised with librarians for librarians. These include the option to maintain all print subscriptions, plus, new for 2004, the option to convert some or all existing subscriptions to online-only. The collection prices are based on the NESLi2 banding for size of the institution.

'This year we've had 73 UK higher education institutions accessing the research in Blackwell's journals,' said Paul Calow, Blackwell Publishing's Senior Journal Sales Executive for the UK. Access is available through a number of routes, including Blackwell Synergy, ingenta, Ebsco, OCLC and SwetsWise.
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Biosis pursues final negotiations with bidder

The board of trustees of Biological Abstracts has voted to pursue final negotiations with the Thomson Corporation, leading to a potential sale of the publishing assets of Biological Abstracts, Inc and Biosis, UK.

Founded in 1926, Biosis produces databases and services for life sciences research, including Biological Abstracts, Biosis Previews, and Zoological Record.

Thomson/ISI was selected from a number of potential strategic partners following a detailed review. Chairman of the board, Dr James Beach, said: 'Of the many potential bidders we considered, Thomson/ISI seems best prepared to successfully manage and enhance Biosis publishing services.'
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ALPSP Learned Journals Collection opens its doors

The Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP) has launched its Learned Journals Collection (ALJC) with a collection of 247 journals from 25 publishers. The ALJC ( enables small and medium-sized publishers to package their journals with a single umbrella licence, pricing model and delivery platform. The new online collection is the result of a collaboration between the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, Swets Blackwell and Extenza. Swets Blackwell has orchestrated ALJC's complex licensing and legal structure and also serves as its worldwide sales, marketing and access channel.

The 247 ALJC titles are available both in the full collection and in three discipline-specific packages in the areas of: medicine and life science (85 titles); science and technology (57 titles); and the arts, humanities and social sciences (129 titles). Pricing is based on a percentage of the ALJC's current collective print value and is guaranteed for 3 years.

Sally Morris, secretary-general of ALPSP, said: 'The ALPSP Learned Journals Collection represents a win-win solution both for smaller publishers and for libraries. We are delighted by the scale of publisher support in its very first year, and - if early reactions from libraries are anything to go by - all the participants will be seeing increased sales in 2004.'
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IEEE to price online products lower than print in 2004

The US-based Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has announced that, in 2004, prices of its online collections will be lower than comparable print prices. Previously, pricing of online collections was the same as equivalent print offerings. This is the first time that IEEE print products have been priced higher than their electronic counterparts.

'This decision supports our ongoing mission to encourage online access to our publications,' said Jonathan Dahl, IEEE staff director, sales and marketing.

'Our online usage is booming. We now have over one million unique users accessing our information online each month. 'We want to encourage even more migration to online. It gives users access not only to the current research but also to a large backfile of the papers from the last several years. And although producing our information online is ultimately more expensive than producing print, once we have made the huge investment, allowing additional access is cheap.'

Print journals, magazines and conference proceedings will still be considered the 'article of record' and contain all advertising, editorials and other materials not available online. IEEE is currently undertaking a major project whereby its online publications will contain all the information in print and will ultimately become the publication of record.
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Extenza offers extended consortia sales service

Extenza, a division of Royal Swets & Zeitlinger, has announced a new service to help publishers and learned societies identify, pitch, close and manage multi-site licence deals. The new service, provided by Extenza Marketing Solutions, complements the established telemarketing, direct marketing and mailing services the company already provides. 'Publishers want to reach international markets but do not always have the global sales resources,' said Pinar Erzin, general manager.

There are four main components to the service: a strategic review outlines the opportunities, prioritises them and provides a detailed action plan; tactical implementation goes through every stage of the sales cycle from initial contact and set-up of trial, through to signature of contract and collation of IP addresses; detailed quarterly reports keep the publisher in control throughout the process; and after-sales account management ensures that the customer relationship is developed throughout the length of the contract, through to renewal.

In a separate development, Extenza has signed seven new agreements with publishers to provide outsourcing for their e-journals. Guilford Publications is the latest publisher to join a group including the American Marketing Association and INFORMS, as well as niche players such as Govi Verlag in Germany and the School of Social Work in Zimbabwe. Guilford publishes a portfolio of media products across mental health, behavioural science and social science disciplines, as well as education.
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California's newest public library chooses Innovative

The University of California, Merced Library has chosen Millennium from Innovative Interfaces as the university's library system. Scheduled to open in 2005, UC Merced will be the 10th University of California campus and the first American research university built in the 21st century.

Bruce Miller, founding University Librarian for UC Merced, said: 'I relied on Innovacq, Innopac, and then Millennium while I worked at the UC San Diego Libraries. Extensive system capabilities, reliability, and responsive services made my job incredibly easier. 'This new partnership with Innovative is integral to our commitment to make the University of California, Merced Library an outstanding research library for the 21st century.'
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AIP Publishing Services to fulfil PNAS

The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) and the American Institute of Physics (AIP) Publishing Services have announced an agreement for AIP to provide fulfilment and customer service for both the print and online editions of PNAS. Jennifer Fleet, PNAS production and marketing manager, explained: 'We consider AIP Publishing Services not merely a fulfilment vendor, but a partner in servicing our subscribers. As both a service provider with great systems and facilities, and a not-for-profit society with scholarly publications of its own, AIP understands the issues PNAS faces in working with individual scientists, libraries and consortia.'

PNAS joins the 90 scientific publications published by 15 societies for whom AIP Publishing Services now provides fulfilment services. AIP will track and maintain PNAS subscribers; issue renewal invoices and process payments; distribute and fulfil print and online subscriptions; provide customised consortia processing; and provide reporting, statistics and marketing tracking.
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Library fines and fees to be paid by e-commerce

Innovative Interfaces has announced that it will implement e-commerce features for its web- and Java-based Millennium library automation system.

Powered by VeriSign Payflow Pro, the new features will enable secure credit card payment of fines and fees or donations to the library. Patrons can conveniently pay fines from remote locations via the web-based patron record or make donations to the library using a special page on the library's web site. Transactions are accepted in real time and any usage blocks caused by fines can be automatically removed upon payment.

'Libraries are seeing increasing patron demand for online methods of payment for fines and fees,' said Dinah Sanders, product manager at Innovative.

'E-commerce is a valuable patron empowerment feature, enabling the library's users to conveniently conduct transactions online using a familiar method of payment.'

Innovative has also started operations with its Electronic Resource Management system at Ohio State University. 'When Ohio State University was considering building a new database or expanding an existing local system to include information on electronic resources, we looked at the options in use by our peers but found none that fitted our particular needs,' said Trisha Davis, head of the Serials and Electronic Resources Department at Ohio State University. 'However, when we heard about Innovative's Electronic Resource Management, we were eager to test it out.'

Electronic Resource Management is a tool for digital resource integration and licence management. Fully integrated with Millennium or available as a stand-alone system, Electronic Resource Management replaces the need for libraries to build separate databases, integrating the information with the Millennium system and enabling data to be conveniently accessed as needed.

It effectively controls subscription and licensing information for licensed resources such as e-journals, abstracting and indexing databases, and full-text databases.
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Germany launches publicly funded central access gateway

Nearly 40 German libraries, research centres and information institutions are offering an interdisciplinary Internet portal for scientific information.

A central access gateway, 'vascoda' represents the sum of German information services, established with public funding on a par with the Google search engine. Both the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (German Research Foundation) are supporting vascoda. Currently involved in the gateway are 23 subject-based Virtual Libraries (ViFas), the four already established German information alliances EconDoc (economy), GetInfo (science and technology), infoconnex (education science, social science, psychology and medical science), and the Electronic Journals Library (EZB).
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Thomson acquires standards content

Thomson Corporation has acquired Techstreet, a digital content delivery company that provides full-text industry standards and specifications to engineers, researchers, and technical and information professionals.

Techstreet delivers the information from standards developing organisations (SDOs), including the American Society for Testing and Materials, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the British Standards Institution, and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Techstreet's products include a collection of technical books, materials property data, and technical training from more than 1,000 publishers, industry associations, and technical societies worldwide.

Searchable online, the content covers research, design, manufacturing, testing, and inspection in industries such as electrical and electronics, petrochemical, architecture and construction, food safety and public health, wastewater engineering, information technology, and aerospace/aviation.
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JISC funds BioMed Central membership

More than 80,000 biology and medical researchers working at UK universities can now share their research findings freely with researchers, funding bodies, students, journalists, and the general public.

The deal, announced by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), a UK further and higher education committee, and BioMed Central, means that 180 universities in the UK will now become BioMed Central members. Making the results of science and medical research openly available will aid the advancement of science and healthcare, according to open access publisher BioMed Central.

Publishing in freely accessible online journals will also make the UK higher education system more cost-effective, by reducing the amount of money spent on journal subscriptions, the company claims.
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Elsevier and American Chemical Society in service agreement

Elsevier and two divisions of the American Chemical Society - Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) and Publications - have linked their services for scientists. Under the agreement, users of Elsevier products and services, such as Science Direct, will be able to link directly to ACS scientific journals.

Users of CAS products and services (SciFinder, STN, and others) will link, via ChemPort, directly to Elsevier scientific journals. Links will be complete by the end of 2003. Elsevier journals will join ChemPort Reference Linking, giving users of Elsevier journals access to ACS scientific journals and CAS database records in 2004.
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Google set to display IEEE papers

Researchers worldwide will be able to locate technical papers published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) by using the Google search engine.

Google will display content from IEEE journals in relevant keyword search results. Google is currently indexing the abstract records for all online IEEE technical documents and standards, available through the IEEE Xplore online delivery platform. The project is expected to be completed this autumn, at which time Google users will see the linked content in their search results.

'The worldwide scientific community will greatly benefit from this agreement with Google,' said Dr. Michael S. Adler, IEEE President. 'Google is the largest search engine on the Web, and IEEE publishes the most important information in electrical engineering, telecommunications and computer science. Researchers in these fields will now have a new way to locate IEEE articles and papers in addition to the tools they already have from their academic or corporate libraries, or as IEEE members.'
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FIZ Karlsruhe launches defensive publication database

FIZ Karlsruhe, European partner of science and technology online service STN International, has launched RDISCLOSURE, describing it as the 'most significant non-patent prior art database in the world'. The service is aimed at industrial patent searchers, legal firms and individual inventors wishing to locate prior art, check for patentability, or undertake validity or opposition searches.

Produced by Kenneth Mason Publications of the UK, RDISCLOSURE provides the full text including images of technical disclosure records from the defensive publication journal Research Disclosure, the dedicated rapid disclosure journal included in the PCT Minimum Documentation, ensuring its use during search examination by all leading patent offices or national IP authorities around the world. The database contains records from 1960 to the present. It is updated monthly.

Meanwhile, FIZ Karlsruhe has added the bibliographic database TEMA to its product portfolio. TEMA, which is available on the online network STN International, covers a wide range of German and international literature in the areas of technology and management.
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